QOD 54: Heart Failure and Sodium Intake (Cardiac/Basic Care and Comfort)

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Question:

A patient with heart failure has been ordered to reduce her sodium intake in order to better control her condition. Which best explains why reduction in sodium intake will affect symptoms of heart failure?

Answer:

D.  Too much sodium intake is associated with fluid retention

Rationale: 

Fluid retention is a risk for patients with volume overload associated with heart failure. Most patients with heart failure are counseled to avoid excess sodium and they often need to take medications to eliminate excess fluid from the body.

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