QOD 46: Skin Breakdown after Bruising (Integumentary/Basic Care and Comfort)

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Question:

A patient has suffered a bruise on her elbow from being assisted in bed for repositioning. Which best describes how the nurse can prevent this injury from becoming a point of skin breakdown?

Answer:

A. Encourage the patient to increase fluid intake

Rationale: 

A patient with mobility impairments may be at risk of skin breakdown after being injured, even if the injury did not initially break the skin. The patient with a bruise may develop skin breakdown in the area if it is not properly maintained. The nurse should encourage fluid intake to maintain hydration and to keep the skin from drying out.

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