A 56-year-old patient has been hospitalized for acute renal failure. During her shift, the nurse notes that the patients urine output has dropped to 5 mL/hour, despite a continuous infusion of IV fluids at a rate of 150 mL/hr. If left uncorrected, which complication would the nurse most likely expect to see?

 

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Correct

- Pulmonary edema

- Metabolic alkalosis

- Decreased BUN and creatinine levels

- Diarrhea and poor skin turgor

Rationale

When measuring urine output for a hospitalized patient, the typical standard outcome that indicates normal output is 30 mL/hr. A patient with urine output of 5 mL/hr most likely has a condition that is preventing the body from making urine or from excreting it properly. If not corrected, the patient may develop other complications, including pulmonary edema and metabolic acidosis.

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