A nurse is caring for a patient who is recovering from cardiac surgery and who has developed mediastinitis as a surgical-site infection. Which of the following factors would most likely increase the risk of this type of surgical-site infection? Select all that apply.

 

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Correct

- Obesity

- Hypotension

- History of breast cancer

- Long hospitalization prior to the procedure

- Diabetes diagnosis

Rationale

A surgical-site infection is a complication that develops following surgery when the incision site becomes infected. Surgical-site infections cause complications and increased disability when they occur after surgery. Mediastinitis develops as a surgical site infection following cardiac surgery in the mediastinal cavity below the sternum. Several risk factors increase the chance of this condition developing, including obesity in the patient, a long hospitalization prior to the procedure, and a patient with a history of diabetes.

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