At a clinic visit, a nurse is checking a patients vital signs. His blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg. Which of the following responses from the nurse is correct?

 

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Correct

- This level indicates stage 1 hypertension; we will have to continue to monitor your blood pressure levels.

- Your blood pressure is well regulated.

- You have prehypertension; you will probably need medication.

- This level indicates stage 2 hypertension; I will refer you to a nutritionist.

Rationale

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is classified into stages, depending on the patients levels over time. Prehypertension is considered a systolic level between 120 and 139 mmHg or a diastolic level between 80 and 89 mmHg. Stage 1 hypertension is a systolic level between 140 and 159 mmHg or a diastolic level between 90 and 99 mmHg. Stage 2 hypertension is a systolic level over 160 mmHg and a diastolic level over 100 mmHg.

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