A patient who has had surgery for placement of a colostomy is getting ready to be discharged from the hospital. The nurse is providing discharge teaching. What information would the nurse most likely include about the stoma for this patient? Select all that apply.


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- The stoma is usually flat or inverted

- The stoma is painful when touched

- The stoma is typically round or oval in shape

- The stoma is usually red in color

- The stoma may be slightly swollen just after surgery


A patient with a new colostomy may be surprised at the appearance of the stoma and requires teaching about what to expect as well as how the stoma may change. The stoma site may be slightly swollen just after surgery, but this should resolve with time. The patient should understand what a normal stoma looks like in order to detect potential complications if there is a change in appearance.

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