A pregnant patient with preeclampsia is being assessed by the nurse in the labor and delivery unit of the hospital. The nurse checks the patients lower legs and feet to assess for edema and notes 3+ pitting edema bilaterally. Which of the following describes this stage of pitting edema? Select all that apply.


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- 2 mm depression in the skin

- Skin depression disappears in 10 seconds

- 6 mm depression in the skin

- Skin depression disappears in 1 minute

- Bruising and petechiae at the site


Pitting edema may occur with some medical conditions, including preeclampsia of pregnancy. Pitting edema is assessed when the nurse presses a finger into the area of edema, causing a depression in the skin. The size of the depression and the time it takes to resolve characterizes the stage of pitting edema. 3+ pitting edema would cause a 6 mm depression in the skin that disappears in about 1 minute.

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