A patient has been diagnosed with breast cancer. When the nurse enters the room to discuss home care and to provide teaching, the patient changes the subject and says that she wants to talk about something else. The patient is most likely utilizing which coping mechanism?

 

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Correct

- Avoidance

- Fantasy

- Passive aggression

- Acting out

Rationale

By refusing to talk about the situation and changing the subject, the patient is demonstrating avoidance of the situation. Avoidance is a type of coping mechanism that helps a person to deal with an uncomfortable situation by purposely not thinking about it and choosing to think or talk about something else.

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