A patient has been infected with HIV for 5 years. Which of the following would require a change in the patients diagnosis from being HIV-positive to having AIDS?

 

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Correct

- The patient must have a CD4 count of less than 200 cells/mm3

- The patient must be infected with HIV for at least 10 years

- The patient must have a hemoglobin level of 13.2 g/dL

- The patient must have 6 months left to live

Rationale

A person who is infected with HIV has the potential to develop AIDS, which is a very advanced stage of the infection. A person with HIV can become very ill from opportunistic infections, which take advantage of the person's immunocompromised state. A person with HIV can be classified as having AIDS when his CD4 count drops to below 200 cells/mm3 and/or he has serious symptoms from an opportunistic infection.

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