A nurse is caring for a patient who is suffering from an acute hemorrhage after a traumatic injury. The nurse has secured the patients airway, breathing, and circulation and has started a large-bore IV. Which of the following solutions should the nurse administer first?


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- Crystalloid IV solution

- Albumin

- O neg whole blood

- Sodium bicarbonate


A patient who is suffering from a severe hemorrhage should have volume replacement in the circulatory system to prevent further complications of hypoperfusion. The first line of treatment is administration of crystalloid solutions. Although the nurse may eventually administer blood products, crystalloid solutions are typically more readily available and do not require blood testing before administration.

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