A nurse is providing instructions and information to a patient who has recently been diagnosed with HIV. What information would the nurse include as part of teaching this client about appropriate medical care for his condition? Select all that apply.

 

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Correct

- The patient should not take any other medications beyond those prescribed unless he first discusses it with the physician

- The patient will need to tell all healthcare providers of his HIV status

- The patient cannot donate blood unless the recipient is also HIV positive

- The patient should wear sunscreen when outdoors

- The patient should wash his hands regularly

Rationale

A patient with HIV must take steps to care for himself but also to protect others. This means taking medications as prescribed and practicing good hand hygiene to avoid the spread of infection. The patient should inform all healthcare providers of his HIV status.

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