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- Lung hyperinflation and a flattened diaphragm
- Increased size of the heart
- A mediastinal shift to the right side
- Irregular areas of plaque formation scattered throughout the lung tissue
Emphysema is a form of COPD that occurs when the walls of the lung alveoli are destroyed. The lungs are no longer flexible in their ability to expand and contract normally. As a result, the lungs become large and hyperinflated; their increased size presses on the diaphragm at the base of the lung field so that it appears low and flattened on a chest x-ray.
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