A nurse is caring for a patient with type 2 diabetes who has been prescribed an incretin mimetic medication for blood glucose control. Which medication is an example of an incretin mimetic?

 

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Correct

- Exenatide (Byetta)

- Rosiglitazone (Avandia)

- Chlorpropamide (Diabinese)

- Metformin (Glucophage)

Rationale

"Exenatide (Byetta)" is correct. An incretin mimetic medication is used for blood glucose control among patients with type 2 diabetes. This type of drug is given as an injection to stimulate the body to secrete insulin after eating. It also decreases the amount of sugar the liver makes and slows down food digestion in the stomach.

"Rosiglitazone (Avandia)" is incorrect because this drug is a thiazolidinedione antidiabetic agent, not an incretin mimetic.

"Chlorpropamide (Diabinese)" is incorrect because this drug is a sulfonylurea, not an incretin mimetic.

"Metformin (Glucophage)" is incorrect because this drug is a biguanide, not an incretin mimetic.

References:
Exenatide Subcutaneous : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing. (n.d.). Retrieved May 10, 2018, from https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-93223/exenatide-subcutaneous/details

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