A nurse is hanging a new IV bag for a patient to replace the last one that is empty. Which of the following principles should the nurse consider when using an IV pump? Select all that apply.

 

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Correct

- The IV pump should remain plugged in for as much time as possible

- To avoid overload, the nurse should unclamp the tubing when changing the fluid bag

- The nurse should flush all air out of the tubing before connecting it to the patient

- To avoid air in the line, the nurse should first fill the drip chamber

- The pump should be positioned on the same side of the bed as the IV site in the patient

Rationale

"The IV pump should remain plugged in for as much time as possible", "The nurse should flush all air out of the tubing before connecting it to the patient", "To avoid air in the line, the nurse should first fill the drip chamber" and "The pump should be positioned on the same side of the bed as the IV site in the patient" are correct. An IV pump is a common element when administering IV fluids. IV pumps regulate the flow of fluid and protects the patient. When using an IV pump, the nurse should keep it plugged in and positioned on the same side of the patient as the IV insertion site. The nurse must monitor for air in the tubing and eliminate excess air to avoid injecting into the patient’s circulation.
"To avoid overload, the nurse should unclamp the tubing when changing the fluid bag" is incorrect because if the tubing is unclamped while the bag is being changed, air could infuse into the line. If air is present in the line and is injected into the patient's circulation, this could cause an air embolus.

References:
Anatomy of an IV. (2018, January 17). Retrieved April 13, 2018, from https://www.myiv.com/anatomy-of-an-iv/

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Question ID - 16406

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