Oxygen Saturation (SaO2)

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What is the Lab Name for Oxygen Saturation?

Oxygen Saturation

What is the Lab Abbreviation for Oxygen Saturation?

SaO2

What is Oxygen Saturation in terms of Nursing Labs?

Oxygen saturation (SaO2) is a measurement of the percentage of how much hemoglobin is saturated with oxygen. Oxygen is transported in the blood in two ways: oxygen dissolved in blood plasma (pO2) and oxygen bound to hemoglobin (SaO2). About 97% of oxygen is bound to hemoglobin while 3% is dissolved in plasma. SaO2 and pO2 have direct relationships, if one is decreased so is the other. The relationship between oxygen saturation (SaO2) and partial pressure O2 (PaO2) is referred to as the oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) dissociation curve. SaO2 of about 90% is associated with PaO2 of about 60 mmHg.  For more information on PaO2, SaO2 and oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve visit this link HERE.

What is the Normal Range for Oxygen Saturation?

95 – 100%

What are the Indications for Oxygen Saturation?

  • Determine respiratory status
  • Part of Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) testing

What would cause Increased Levels of Oxygen Saturation?

  • Polycythemia
  • Increased inspired O2
  • Hyperventilation

What would cause Decreased Levels of Oxygen Saturation?

  • Anemia’s
  • Hypoventilation
  • Bronchospasm
  • Mucus plugs
  • Atelectasis
  • Pneumothorax
  • Pulmonary edema
  • Adult respiratory distress syndrome

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