Ep5: Hypercalcemia/Hypocalcemia (CATS, Groans/Moans/Bones/Stones/Overtones)

Ep5: Hypercalcemia/Hypocalcemia (CATS, Groans/Moans/Bones/Stones/Overtones)

CATS of hypocalcemia

Convulsions

Arrhythmias

Tetany

Spasms and stridor

 

Groans, Moans, Bones, Stones, Overtones

Groans – constipation

Moans – joint pain

Bones – loss of calcium from bones

Stones – kidney stones

Overtones – psychiatric overtones (confusion, depression . . .