50 Most Commonly Prescribed Medications

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Medication List

ACE Inhibitors (Video)

Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Generic Name
Acetaminophen
Trade Name
Tylenol
Indications
  • Pain
  • Fever
Actions
Inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins which play a role in transmission of pain signals and fever response.
Therapeutic Class
Antipyretic, Non-opioid analgesic
Pharmacologic Class

Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
acetaminophen
Trade Name
Tylenol
Indications

pain, fever

Actions
inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins which play a role in transmission of pain signals and fever
response
Therapeutic Class
antipyretic, non-opioid analgesic
Pharmacologic Class

Acyclovir (Zovirax)

Acyclovir (Zovirax)
Generic Name
Acyclovir
Trade Name
Zovirax
Indications
  • Genital herpes
  • Herpes zoster
  • Chicken pox
Actions
Interferes with viral DNA synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Antiviral
Pharmacologic Class
Purine analogues

Acyclovir (Zovirax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Acyclovir (Zovirax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
acyclovir
Trade Name
Zovirax
Indications

genital herpes, herpes zoster, chicken pox

Actions
interferes with viral DNA synthesis
Therapeutic Class
antiviral
Pharmacologic Class
purine analogues

Albuterol

Albuterol (Proventil)

Albuterol  (Proventil)
Generic Name
Albuterol
Trade Name
Proventil
Indications
  • Bronchodilator used to prevent airway obstruction in asthma and COPD
Actions
Binds to Beta2 adrenergic receptors in the airway leading to relaxation of the smooth muscles in the airways
Therapeutic Class
Bronchodilator
Pharmacologic Class
Adrenergic

Albuterol (Proventil) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Albuterol (Proventil) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
albuterol
Trade Name
Proventil
Indications

bronchodilator used to prevent airway obstruction in asthma and COPD

Actions
binds to Beta2 adrenergic receptors in the airway leading to relaxation of the smooth muscles in the
airways
Therapeutic Class
bronchodilator
Pharmacologic Class
adrenergic

Alendronate (Fosamax)

Alendronate (Fosamax)
Generic Name
Alendronate
Trade Name
Fosamax
Indications
  • Osteoporosis (aging, menopause, corticosteroid induced)
Actions
Inhibits osteoclast activity leading to inhibition of resorption of bone
Therapeutic Class
Bone resorption inhibitor
Pharmacologic Class
Bisphosphnates

Alendronate (Fosamax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Alendronate (Fosamax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
alendronate
Trade Name
Fosamax
Indications

osteoporosis (aging, menopause, corticosteroid induced)

Actions
inhibits osteoclast activity leading to inhibition of resorption of bone
Therapeutic Class
bone resorption inhibitor
Pharmacologic Class
bisphosphnates

Alprazolam (Xanax)

Alprazolam (Xanax)
Generic Name
Alprazolam
Trade Name
Xanax
Indications
  • Anxiety, panic disorder, manage symptoms of PMS, insomnia, mania, psychosis
Actions
Works in CNS to produce anxiolytic effect causing CNS depression.
Therapeutic Class
Antianxiety agent
Pharmacologic Class
Benzodiazepine

Alprazolam (Xanax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Alprazolam (Xanax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
Alprazolam
Trade Name
Xanax
Indications

anxiety, panic disorder, manage symptoms of PMS, insomnia, mania, psychosis

Actions
works in CNS to produce anxiolytic effect causing CNS depression.
Therapeutic Class
antianxiety agent
Pharmacologic Class
benzodiazepine

Alteplase (t-PA) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Alteplase (t-PA) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
alteplase
Trade Name
t-PA
Indications

MI, acute ischemic stroke, occluded central lines

Actions
converts plasminogen to plasmin which degrades the fibrin found in clots
Therapeutic Class
thrombolytics
Pharmacologic Class
plasminogen activators

Amiodarone (Cordarone )

Amiodarone (Cordarone )
Generic Name
Amiodarone
Trade Name
Cordarone
Indications
  • Atrial fibrilation
  • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • SVT
  • ACLS protocol for v-fib and vTACH
Actions
Prolongs action potential, inhibits adrenergic stimulation, slows rate, decreases peripheral vascular resistance causing vasodilation
Therapeutic Class
Antiarrhythmic class III, Potassium channel blocker
Pharmacologic Class
None

Amiodarone (Cordarone) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Generic Name
Amiodarone
Trade Name
Cordarone
Indications

a-fib, ventricular arrhythmias, SVT, ACLS protocol for v-fib and v-tach

Actions
prolongs phase 3 of the action potential, makes the heart more tolerant to arrythmias, inhibits
adrenergic stimulation, slows rate, decreases peripheral vascular resistance causing vasodilation
Therapeutic Class
antiarrhythmic class III, potassium channel blocker
Pharmacologic Class
none

Amitryptiline (Elavil)

Amitryptiline (Elavil)
Generic Name
Amitryptiline
Trade Name
Elavil
Indications

Depression
Anxiety
Insomnia

Actions
Increases effect of serotonin and norepinephrine in the CNS, exhibits anticholinergic effects
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
Tricyclic antidepressant

Amitryptiline (Elavil) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Amitryptiline (Elavil) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
Amitryptiline
Trade Name
Elavil
Indications

depression, anxiety, insomnia, parkinsons

Actions
increases effect of serotonin and norepinephrine in the CNS, exhibits anticholinergic effects
Therapeutic Class
antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
tricyclic antidepressant

Amlodipine (Norvasc)

Amlodipine  (Norvasc)
Generic Name
Amlodipine
Trade Name
Norvasc
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
Actions
Blocks transport of calcium into muscle cells inhibiting excitation and contraction
Therapeutic Class
Antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
Ca channel blocker

Amlodipine (Norvasc) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Amlodipine (Norvasc) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
Amlodipine
Trade Name
Norvasc
Indications

hypertension, angina

Actions
blocks transport of calcium into muscle cells inhibiting excitation and contraction
Therapeutic Class
antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
Ca channel blocker

Amoxicillin (Moxatag)

Amoxicillin (Moxatag)
Generic Name
Amoxicillin
Trade Name
Moxatag
Indications
  • Skin infections
  • Respiratory infections
  • Sinusitis
  • Endocarditis prophylaxis
  • Lyme disease
Actions
Inhibits synthesis of bacterial cell wall leading to cell death.
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives, antiulcer agent
Pharmacologic Class
Aminopenicillins

Amoxicillin (Moxatag) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Amoxicillin (Moxatag) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
amoxicillin
Trade Name
Moxatag
Indications

skin infections, respiratory infections, sinusitis, endocarditis prophylaxis, lyme disease

Actions
Inhibits synthesis of bacterial cell wall leading to cell death.
Therapeutic Class
anti-infectives, antiulcer agent
Pharmacologic Class
aminopenicillins

Ampicillin (Principen )

Ampicillin (Principen )
Generic Name
Ampicillin
Trade Name
Principen
Indications
  • Skin infections
  • Soft tissue infections
  • Otitis media
  • Sinusitis
  • Respiratory infections
  • GU infections, meningitis
  • Septicemia
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infective
Pharmacologic Class
Aminopenicillin

Ampicillin (Principen) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Ampicillin (Principen) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
ampicillin
Trade Name
Principen
Indications

skin infections, soft tissue infections, otitis media, sinusitis, respiratory infections, GU infections,
meningitis, septicemia

Actions
bactericidal, broader spectrum than penicillin, binds to cell wall leading to bacterial cell death
Therapeutic Class
anti-infective
Pharmacologic Class
aminopenicillin

ARBs Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (Video)

Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Aspart, lispro, glulisine (Novolog, humalog, apidra )

Generic Name
Aspart, lispro, glulisine
Trade Name
Novolog, humalog, apidra
Indications
  • Hyperglycemia with diabetes type 1 and 2, diabetic ketoacidosis
Actions
Stimulates uptake of glucose into muscle and fat cells, inhibits production of glucose in the liver, prevents breakdown of fat and protein

Route Onset Peak Duration
Aspart 10-20 min 1-3 hr 3-5 hr
Glulisine 15 min 1 hr 2-4 hr
Lispro 15 min 1-1.5 hr 3-4 hr
Therapeutic Class
Antidiabetics, hormones
Pharmacologic Class
Pancreatics

Aspart, Lispro, Glulisine Insulin (rapid acting): Novolog, Humalog, Apidra (antidiabetics, hormones)

Aspart, Lispro, Glulisine Insulin (rapid acting): Novolog, Humalog, Apidra (antidiabetics, hormones)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Aspirin (Bayer Aspirin )

Aspirin (Bayer Aspirin )
Generic Name
Aspirin
Trade Name
Bayer Aspirin
Indications
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Ischemic stroke and MI prophylaxis
Actions
Inhibits the production of prostaglandins which leads to a reduction of fever and inflammation, decreases platelet aggregation leading to a decrease in ischemic diseases
Therapeutic Class
Antipyretics, non-opioid analgesics
Pharmacologic Class
Salicylates

Aspirin (Bayer Aspirin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Aspirin (Bayer Aspirin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
aspirin
Trade Name
Bayer Aspirin
Indications

rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ischemic stroke and MI prophylaxis

Actions
inhibits the production of prostaglandins which leads to a reduction of fever and inflammation,
decreases platelet aggregation leading to a decrease in ischemic diseases
Therapeutic Class
antipyretics, non-opioid analgesics
Pharmacologic Class
salicylates

Atenolol (Tenormin)

Atenolol (Tenormin)
Generic Name
Atenolol
Trade Name
Tenormin
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • Prevention of MI
Actions
Blocks the stimulation of beta1 receptors in the SNS with minimal effect on beta2 receptors
Therapeutic Class
Antianginal, antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
Beta blocker

Atenolol (Tenormin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Atenolol (Tenormin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
atenolol
Trade Name
Tenormin
Indications

hypertension, angina, prevention of MI

Actions
blocks the stimulation of beta1 receptors in the SNS with minimal effect on beta2 receptors
Therapeutic Class
antianginal, antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
beta blocker

Atenolol | Beta Blocker

Atorvastatin (Lipitor)

Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
Generic Name
Atorvastatin
Trade Name
Lipitor
Indications
  • Management of high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia)
  • Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
Actions
Lowers total cholesterol as well as LDL while slightly increasing HDL. Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase which plays a role in the liver in cholesterol formation
Therapeutic Class
Lipid-lowering agent
Pharmacologic Class
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor

Atropine

Atropine (Atro-pen )

Atropine (Atro-pen )
Generic Name
Atropine
Trade Name
Atro-pen
Indications
  • Decreases oral and respiratory secretions
  • Treats sinus bradycardia and heart block
  • Treatment of bronchospasm
Actions
Atropine is an anticholinergic which means that it inhibits the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system, specifically acetylcholine. This inhibition causes increase in HR, bronchodilation, decreased GI and respiratory secretions.
Therapeutic Class
Antiarrhythmic
Pharmacologic Class
Anticholinergic, antimuscarinic

Atropine (Atro-pen) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Atropine (Atro-pen) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
atropine
Trade Name
Atro-pen
Indications

decreases oral and respiratory secretions, treats sinus bradycardia and heart block, treatment of
bronchospasm

Actions
Atropine is an anticholinergic which means that it inhibits the effects of the parasympathetic nervous
system, specifically acetylcholine. This inhibition causes increase in HR, bronchodilation, decreased GI
and respiratory secretions.
Therapeutic Class
antiarrhythmic
Pharmacologic Class
anticholinergic, antimuscarinic

Azithromycin (Zithromax)

Azithromycin (Zithromax)
Generic Name
Azithromycin
Trade Name
Zithromax
Indications
  • URI
  • chronic bronchitis
  • lower respiratory infections
  • otitis media
  • skin infections
  • various STIs, prevention of bacterial endocarditis
  • treatment of cystic fibrosis
Actions
Inhibits bacterial protein synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Agents for atypical mycobacterium, anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Macrolide

Azithromycin (Zithromax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Azithromycin (Zithromax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
azithromycin
Trade Name
Zithromax
Indications

URI, chronic bronchitis, lower respiratory infections, otitis media, skin infections, various STIs,
prevention of bacterial endocarditis, treatment of cystic fibrosis

Actions
inhibits bacterial protein synthesis
Therapeutic Class
agents for atypical mycobacterium, anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Macrolide

Bactrim | TMP/SMZ

Benzotropine (Cogentin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Benzotropine (Cogentin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
benzotropine
Trade Name
Cogentin
Indications

treatment for Parkinson’s disease

Actions
exhibits anticholinergic properties (blocks acetylcholine) in the CNS to reduce rigidity and tremors
Therapeutic Class
Antiparkinson agent
Pharmacologic Class
Anticholinergic

Benztropine (Cogentin)

Benztropine  (Cogentin)
Generic Name
Benztropine
Trade Name
Cogentin
Indications

Treatment for Parkinson’s disease

Actions
Anticholinergic properties in the CNS to reduce rigidity and tremors
Therapeutic Class
Antiparkinson agent
Pharmacologic Class
Anticholinergic

Beta Blockers

Generic Name
atenolol
Trade Name
Tenormin
Indications

hypertension, angina, prevention of MI

Actions
blocks the stimulation of beta1 receptors in the SNS with minimal effect on beta2 receptors
Therapeutic Class
antianginal, antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
beta blocker

Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)

Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)
Generic Name
Bisacodyl
Trade Name
Dulcolax
Indications
  • Treatment of constipation
  • Bowel regimen
Actions
Stimulates peristalsis leads to fluid accumulation in the colon
Therapeutic Class
Laxatives
Pharmacologic Class
Stimulant laxatives

Bisacodyl (Dulcolax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Bisacodyl (Dulcolax) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
bisacodyl
Trade Name
Dulcolax
Indications

treatment of constipation, bowel regimen

Actions
stimulates enteric nerves to cause peristalsis which leads to fluid accumulation in the colon
Therapeutic Class
axatives
Pharmacologic Class
stimulant laxatives

Bismuth Subsalicylate (Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol)

Bismuth Subsalicylate  (Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol)
Generic Name
Bismuth Subsalicylate
Trade Name
Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol
Indications
  • Diarrhea
  • heartburn
  • indigestion
  • H. pylori associated ulcer
Actions
Stimulates the absorption of fluids and electrolytes in the intestinal wall, reduction in hypermotility of the stomach, and binds to toxins.
Therapeutic Class
Antidiarrheal, antiulcer
Pharmacologic Class
Adsorbant

Bismuth Subsalicylate (Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Bismuth Subsalicylate (Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
bismuth subsalicylate
Trade Name
Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol
Indications

diarrhea, heartburn, indigestion, H. pylori associated ulcer

Actions
Stimulates the absorption of fluids and electrolytes in the intestinal wall, reduction in hypermotility of
the stomach, and binds to toxins.
Therapeutic Class
antidiarrheal, antiulcer
Pharmacologic Class
adsorbant

Bupropion (Wellbutrin )

Bupropion (Wellbutrin )
Generic Name
Bupropion
Trade Name
Wellbutrin
Indications
  • Depression
  • Smoking cessation
  • Treat ADHD in adults
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressants, smoking deterrents
Pharmacologic Class
Aminoketones

Bupropion (Wellbutrin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Bupropion (Wellbutrin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
bupropion
Trade Name
Wellbutrin
Indications

depression, smoking cessation, treat ADHD in adults

Actions
not well understood, ↑ dopamenergic and noradrenergic transmission via reuptake
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressants, smoking deterrents
Pharmacologic Class
aminoketones

Buspirone (Buspar)

Buspirone (Buspar)
Generic Name
Buspirone
Trade Name
Buspar
Indications

Management of anxiety

Actions
Relieves anxiety by binding to dopamine and serotonin receptors
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressants, smoking deterrents
Pharmacologic Class
Aminoketones

Buspirone (Buspar) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Buspirone (Buspar) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
buspirone
Trade Name
Buspar
Indications

management of anxiety

Actions
relieves anxiety by binding to dopamine and serotonin receptors
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressants, smoking deterrents
Pharmacologic Class
aminoketones

Butorphanol (Stadol)

Butorphanol (Stadol)
Generic Name
Butorphanol
Trade Name
Stadol
Indications
  • Moderate to severe pain
  • Labor pain
  • Sedation
Actions
Alters perception and response to pain by biding to opiate receptors in CNS
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonists/antagonists

Butorphanol (Stadol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Butorphanol (Stadol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
butorphano
Trade Name
Stadol
Indications

moderate to severe pain, labor pain, sedation

Actions
alters perception and response to pain by biding to opiate receptors in CNS
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
opioid agonists/antagonists

Calcium acetate (PhosLo) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Calcium acetate (PhosLo) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
calcium acetate
Trade Name
PhosLo
Indications

treatment of hypocalcemia, prevention of post menopausal osteoporosis, treatment of hyperkalemia
and hypermagnesaemia, adjunct in cardiac arrest, control of hyperphosphatemia with ESRD. Binds to
phosphate in food and prevents absorption.

Actions
calcium is essential for nervous muscular and skeletal systems, helps maintain cell membranes, aids in
transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contraction, aids in blood formation and coagulation
Therapeutic Class
mineral and electrolyte replacements/supplements
Pharmacologic Class
antacids

Calcium acetate (PhosLo): antacids

Calcium acetate (PhosLo): antacids
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Calcium carbonate (Tums / Rolaids) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Calcium carbonate  (Tums / Rolaids) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
calcium carbonate
Trade Name
Tums / Rolaids
Indications

treatment of hypocalcemia, prevention of post menopausal osteoporosis, treatment of hyperkalemia
and hypermagnesaemia, used as antacid

Actions
calcium is essential for nervous, muscular, and skeletal systems, helps maintain cell membranes, aids in
transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contraction, aids in blood formation and coagulation
Therapeutic Class
mineral and electrolyte replacements/supplements
Pharmacologic Class
antacids

Calcium carbonate (Tums / Rolaids)

Calcium carbonate (Tums / Rolaids)
Generic Name
Calcium carbonate
Trade Name
Tums / Rolaids
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Calcium Channel Blockers (Video)

Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Captopril (Capoten)

Captopril  (Capoten)
Generic Name
Captopril
Trade Name
Capoten
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Management of CHF
  • Decrease progression of DM neuropathy
Actions
Block conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, increases renin levels and decreases aldosterone leading to vasodilation
Therapeutic Class
Antihypertensives
Pharmacologic Class
ACE Inhibitor

Captopril (Capoten) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Captopril  (Capoten) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
captopril
Trade Name
Capoten
Indications

hypertension, management of CHF, decrease progression of DM neuropathy

Actions
block conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, increases renin levels and decreases aldosterone
leading to vasodilation
Therapeutic Class
antihypertensives
Pharmacologic Class
ACE Inhibitor

Carafate (Sucralfate)

Carbamazepine (Tegretol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Carbamazepine (Tegretol) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
carbamazepine
Trade Name
Tegretol
Indications

seizures, DM neuropathy, pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia

Actions
affects Na channels in neurons leading to decreased synaptic transmission
Therapeutic Class
Anticonvulsant
Pharmacologic Class
none

Carbidopa/levodopa (Sinemet )

Carbidopa/levodopa  (Sinemet )
Generic Name
Carbidopa/levodopa
Trade Name
Sinemet
Indications

Parkinson’s disease

Actions
Levodopa is converted to dopamine and works as a neurotransmitter and carbidopa prevents the destruction of levodopa
Therapeutic Class
Antiparkinson agent
Pharmacologic Class
Dopamine Agonist

Carbidopa/levodopa (Sinemet) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Carbidopa/levodopa (Sinemet) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
carbidopa/levodopa
Trade Name
Sinemet
Indications

Parkinson’s disease

Actions
levodopa is converted to dopamine and works as a neurotransmitter, carbidopa prevents the
destruction of levodopa allowing it to cross the blood brain barrier
Therapeutic Class
Antiparkinson agent
Pharmacologic Class
Dopamine Agonist

Cefaclor (Ceclor)

Cefaclor  (Ceclor)
Generic Name
Cefaclor
Trade Name
Ceclor
Indications
  • Treatment of respiratory tract infections
  • Skin infections
  • Otitis media
Actions
Bacteriacidal, binds to bacterial cell wall causing cell death
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Cephalosporin 2nd generations

Cefaclor (Ceclor) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Cefaclor (Ceclor) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
cefaclor
Trade Name
Ceclor
Indications

treatment of respiratory tract infections, skin infections, otitis media

Actions
bacteriacidal, binds to bacterial cell wall causing cell death
Therapeutic Class
anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Cephalosporin 2nd generations

Cefdinir (Omnicef )

Cefdinir (Omnicef )
Generic Name
Cefdinir
Trade Name
Omnicef
Indications
  • Treatment of skin infections
  • Otitis media
Actions
Bactericidal, binds to bacterial cell wall causing cell death
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Cephalosporin 2nd generations

Celecoxib (Celebrex)

Celecoxib  (Celebrex)
Generic Name
Celecoxib
Trade Name
Celebrex
Indications
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Acute pain
Actions
Decreases pain and inflammation by inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandins
Therapeutic Class
Antirrheumatics/NSAID
Pharmacologic Class
none

Cephalexin (Keflex)

Cephalexin  (Keflex)
Generic Name
Cephalexin
Trade Name
Keflex
Indications
  • Skin infections
  • Pneumonia
  • UTI
  • Otitis media
Actions
Bactericidal: binds to bacterial cell wall leading to cell death
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Cephalosporin 1st generations

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

Generic Name
Chlorpromazine
Trade Name
Thorazine
Indications
  • Second line treatment of schizophrenia and psychosis
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Pre-op sedation
  • Acute intermittent porphyria
  • Headache
  • Bipolar
Actions
Exhibits anticholinergic activity, alters effects of dopamine in CNS
Therapeutic Class
Antipsychotic, antiemetic
Pharmacologic Class
Phenothiazines (dopamine D2 receptor antagonist)

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Generic Name
Cimetidine
Trade Name
Tagamet
Indications
  • Treatment of duodenal ulcers
  • GERD, heartburn
  • Zollinger Ellison syndrome
  • Prevention of GI bleeding in critical patients.
Actions
Inhibits action of histamine leading to inhibition of gastric acid secretion
Therapeutic Class
Antiulcer agent
Pharmacologic Class
Histamine H2 antagonist

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
Generic Name
Ciprofloxacin
Trade Name
Cipro
Indications
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Gonorrhea
  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Bronchitis, pneumonia
  • Skin and bone infections
  • Infectious diarrhea
  • Abdominal infections
Actions
Inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis


Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Fluoroquinolone

Clindamycin (Cleocin)

Clindamycin  (Cleocin)
Generic Name
Clindamycin
Trade Name
Cleocin
Indications
  • Skin infections
  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Septicemia
  • Intra-abdominal infections
  • Osteomyelitis
Actions
Inhibits protein synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
none

Clopidogrel (Plavix )

Clopidogrel  (Plavix )
Generic Name
Clopidogrel
Trade Name
Plavix
Indications
  • Atherosclerotic events
  • MI, CVA
  • PVD
  • Acute coronary syndrome
Actions
Inhibits platelet aggregation
Therapeutic Class
Antiplatelet agent
Pharmacologic Class
Platelet aggregation inhibitors

Codiene

Cortisone (Cortone)

Cortisone  (Cortone)
Generic Name
Cortisone
Trade Name
Cortone
Indications
  • Management of adrenocortical insufficiency (Addison’s Disease).
Actions
Replace cortisol in states of deficiency, suppress inflammation and normal immune response. The adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys. The adrenal glands excrete steroid hormones, including cortisol that play a role in increasing blood sugars, immune suppression, and metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates, as well as decreasing bone formation.
Therapeutic Class
Antiasthmatics, corticosteroids
Pharmacologic Class
Corticosteroids

Cortisone | corticosteroid

Coumadin Warfarin

Cyclosporine ( Cyclosporine)

Cyclosporine ( Cyclosporine)
Generic Name
Cyclosporine
Trade Name
Cyclosporine
Indications
  • Prevention of rejection in transplantation
  • Treatment of severe RA
  • Management of ulcerative colitis
Actions
Inhibits normal immune response
Therapeutic Class
Immunosuppresants, antirheumatics (DMARD)
Pharmacologic Class
Polypeptides (cyclic)

Detemir, Glargine Insulin (long acting) : Levemir, Lantus (antidiabetics, hormones)

Detemir, Glargine Insulin (long acting) : Levemir, Lantus (antidiabetics, hormones)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Dexamethasone (Decadron)

Dexamethasone (Decadron)
Generic Name
Dexamethasone
Trade Name
Decadron
Indications
  • Manage cerebral edema
  • Assess for Cushing’s Disease
Actions
Suppress inflammation and normal immune response. Used in inflammatory states to decrease inflammation.
Therapeutic Class
Antiasthmatics, corticosteroids
Pharmacologic Class
Corticosteroids

Diazepam (Valium)

Diazepam (Valium)
Generic Name
Diazepam
Trade Name
Valium
Indications
  • Anxiety
  • Pre-op sedation
  • Conscious sedation
  • Treatment of seizures
  • Insomnia
  • Management of alcohol withdrawal
Actions
Depresses the CNS
Therapeutic Class
Antianxiety agents, anticonvulsants, sedative/hypnotics, skeletal muscle relaxants (centrally acting)
Pharmacologic Class
Benzodiazepine

Digoxin (Lanoxin)

Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Generic Name
Digoxin
Trade Name
Lanoxin
Indications
  • CHF
  • A-fib
  • A-flutter
Actions
Positive inotropic effect (increases force of myocardial contraction), prolongs refractory period, ↓ conduction through SA and AV nodes. Essentially digoxin is given to increase cardiac output and slow the rate.
Therapeutic Class
Antiarrhythmic, inotropics
Pharmacologic Class
Digitalis glycosides

Diltiazem (cardizem): antianginal

Diltiazem (cardizem): antianginal
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl): antihistamine

Diphenhydramine (Benadryl): antihistamine
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Diphenoxylate/Atropine (Lomotil): antidiarrheal

Diphenoxylate/Atropine (Lomotil): antidiarrheal
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Divalproex (Depakote): antiseizure

Divalproex (Depakote): antiseizure
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Dobutamine (Dobutrex): inotropic

Dopamine (Intropin )

Dopamine (Intropin )
Generic Name
Dopamine
Trade Name
Intropin
Indications
  • Used to improve blood pressure
  • Cardiac output
  • And urine output
Actions
Smaller doses result in renal vasodilation

Doses 2-10mcg/kg/min result in cardiac stimulation by acting on beta1 receptors

Doses >10mcg/kg/min stimulate alpha receptors leading to vasoconstriction (↑SVR)
Therapeutic Class
Inotropic, vasopressor
Pharmacologic Class
Adrenergic

Dopamine vs Dobutamine

Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Enalapril (Vasotec)

Enalapril (Vasotec)
Generic Name
Enalapril
Trade Name
Vasotec
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Management of CHF
Actions
Block conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, increases renin levels and decreases aldosterone leading to vasodilation
Therapeutic Class
Antihypertensives
Pharmacologic Class
ACE Inhibitor

Enoxaparin (Lovenox )

Enoxaparin (Lovenox )
Generic Name
Enoxaparin
Trade Name
Lovenox
Indications

Prevention of VTE, DVT, and PE

Actions
Prevents thrombus formation by potentiating the inhibitory effect of antithrombin on factor Xa and thrombin. Enoxaparin is a low molecular weight heparin.
Therapeutic Class
Anticoagulant
Pharmacologic Class
Antithrombotic

Epoetin (Epogen)

Epoetin (Epogen)
Generic Name
Epoetin
Trade Name
Epogen
Indications

Anemia

Actions
Stimulates erythropoesis (production of RBCs)
Therapeutic Class
Antianemics
Pharmacologic Class
Hormones

Erythromycin (E-Mycin)

Erythromycin (E-Mycin)
Generic Name
Erythromycin
Trade Name
E-Mycin
Indications

Useful in place of penicillin when patient cannot take penicillin, upper and lower respiratory tract infections, otitis media, skin infections, pertussis, syphilis, rheumatic fever

Actions
Bacteriostatic: suppresses bacterial protein synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infective
Pharmacologic Class
Macrolide

Escitalopram (Lexapro )

Generic Name
Escitalopram
Trade Name
Lexapro
Indications
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Anxiety disorder
  • PCD
  • PTSD
  • Social phobia
Actions
Selectively inhibits reuptake of serotonin
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
SSRI

Escitalopram (Lexapro): antidepressant

Escitalopram (Lexapro): antidepressant
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Famotidine (Pepcid)

Famotidine (Pepcid)
Generic Name
Famotidine
Trade Name
Pepcid
Indications
  • Short term treatment of active ulcer
  • GERD
  • Treatment of heartburn
  • Indigestion, management of Zollinger Ellison syndromerevention of GI bleeding in critically ill patients
  • Management of symptoms associated with overuse of NSAIDs
  • Prevention of GI bleeding in critically ill patientsanagement of symptoms associated with overuse of NSAIDs
  • Management of symptoms associated with overuse of NSAIDs
Actions
Blocks action of histamine located in gastric parietal cells, inhibits gastric acid secretion
Therapeutic Class
Antiulcer agent
Pharmacologic Class
Histamine H2 antagonist

Fentanyl (Sublimaze)

Fentanyl (Sublimaze)
Generic Name
Fentanyl
Trade Name
Sublimaze
Indications
  • Supplement to general anesthesia, continuous IV infusion for purpose of analgesia
Actions
Binds to opiate receptors in CNS altering perception of pain, producing CNS depression
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonists

Fentynal

Ferrous sulfate (Feosol)

Generic Name
Ferrous sulfate
Trade Name
Feosol
Indications
  • Prevention and treatment of iron-deficiency anemia
Actions
Iron is essential for hemoglobin, myoglobin and enzymes, it is transported to organs where it becomes part of iron stores
Therapeutic Class
Antianemics
Pharmacologic Class
Iron supplements

Ferrous Sulfate: Feosol (antianemics)

Ferrous Sulfate: Feosol (antianemics)
Generic Name
Ferrous sulfate
Trade Name
Indications

Supplement to general anesthesia, continuous IV infusion for purpose of analgesia

Actions
Binds to opiate receptors in CNS altering perception of pain, producing CNS depression
Therapeutic Class
Antianemics
Pharmacologic Class
Iron supplements

Ferrous Sulfate: Feosol (antianemics)

Flagyl use in the ICU for treating UTIs and other infections

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Generic Name
Fluoxetine
Trade Name
Prozac
Indications
  • Depressive disorder
  • PCD
  • Bulimia
  • Panic disorder
  • Bipolar
  • Anorexia
  • ADHD
  • DM neuropathy
  • Obesity
Actions
Inhibits reuptake of serotonin
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
SSRI

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Generic Name
Fluoxetine
Trade Name
Prozac
Indications
  • Depressive disorder
  • PCD
  • Bulimia
  • Panic disorder
  • Bipolar
  • Anorexia
  • ADHD
  • DM neuropathy
  • Obesity
Actions
Inhibits reuptake of serotonin
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
SSRI

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Fluoxetine (Prozac)
Generic Name
Fluoxetine
Trade Name
Prozac
Indications
  • Depressive disorderOCD, bulimia, panic disorder, bipolar, anorexia, ADHD, DM neuropathy, obesity
  • OCDulimia, panic disorder, bipolar, anorexia, ADHD, DM neuropathy, obesity
  • Bulimiaanic disorder, bipolar, anorexia, ADHD, DM neuropathy, obesity
  • Panic disorderipolar
  • AnorexiaADHD, DM neuropathy, obesity
  • ADHDDM neuropathy, obesity
  • DM neuropathybesity
  • Obesity
  • Bipolaranorexia, ADHD, DM neuropathy, obesity
  • AnorexiaADHD, DM neuropathy, obesity
  • ADHDDM neuropathy, obesity
  • DM neuropathyobesity
  • Obesity
Actions
Inhibits reuptake of serotonin allowing it to persist longer in the synaptic cleft
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
SSRI

Fluticasone (Flovent)

Fluticasone (Flovent)
Generic Name
Fluticasone
Trade Name
Flovent
Indications

Prophylactic asthma treatment

Actions
Locally acting anti-inflammatory
Therapeutic Class
Antiasthmatics, anti-inflammatory (steroid)
Pharmacologic Class
Coticosteroids, Inhalation

Furosemide (Lasix )

Generic Name
Furosemide
Trade Name
Lasix
Indications
  • Edema
  • Hypertension
Actions
Prevents reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys, increase excretion of water, sodium, chloride, magnesium, potassium.
Therapeutic Class
Diuretics
Pharmacologic Class

Furosemide: Lasix (diuretics)

Furosemide: Lasix (diuretics)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Gabapentine (Neurontin)

Generic Name
Gabapentine
Trade Name
Neurontin
Indications
  • Seizures
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Prevention of migraines
Actions
Exact method of action unknown, may play a role in stabilizing neural membranes
Therapeutic Class
Analgesic adjuncts, therapeutic, anticonvulsants, mood stabilizers
Pharmacologic Class
none

Gabapentine (Neurontin)

Gabapentine (Neurontin)
Generic Name
Gabapentine
Trade Name
Neurontin
Indications

Seizures, peripheral neuropathy, neuropathic pain, prevention of migraines

Actions
Exact method of action unknown, may play a role in stabilizing neural membranes
Therapeutic Class
Analgesic adjuncts, therapeutic, anticonvulsants, mood stabilizers
Pharmacologic Class
none

Gentamicin

Generic Name
Gentamicin
Trade Name
Cidomycin
Indications

Treatment of gram negative infections when penicillin is ineffective

Actions
Inhibits bacterial protein synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Aminoglycoside

Gentamicin (Cidomycin)

Generic Name
Gabapentine
Trade Name
Neurontin
Indications
  • Seizures
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Prevention of migraines
Actions
Exact method of action unknown
Therapeutic Class
Aadjuncts, therapeutic, anticonvulsants, mood stabilizers
Pharmacologic Class
none

Gentamicin (Cidomycin)

Gentamicin (Cidomycin)
Generic Name
Gentamicin
Trade Name
Cidomycin
Indications

Treatment of gram negative infections when penicillin is ineffective

Actions
Inhibits bacterial protein synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Aminoglycoside

Glipizide (Glucotrol )

Glipizide  (Glucotrol )
Generic Name
Glipizide
Trade Name
Glucotrol
Indications
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Actions
Stimulates release and sensitivity to insulin to lower blood glucose
Therapeutic Class
Anti-diabetic
Pharmacologic Class
Sulfonylureas

Glipizide (Glucotrol)

Generic Name
Glipizide
Trade Name
Glucotrol
Indications

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Actions
Stimulates release of insulin from the beta cells in the pancreases and leads to increased sensitivity to insulin
Therapeutic Class
Anti-diabetic
Pharmacologic Class
Sulfonylureas

Glucagon (GlucaGen)

Generic Name
Glucagon
Trade Name
GlucaGen
Indications
  • Severe hypoglycemia
  • Antidote for Beta Blockers and calcium channel blockers
Actions
Stimulates production of glucose, relaxes Gi tract,
Therapeutic Class
Hormones
Pharmacologic Class
Pancreatics

Glucagon (GlucaGen)

Glucagon (GlucaGen)
Generic Name
Glucagon
Trade Name
GlucaGen
Indications

Severe hypoglycemia, antidote for beta blockers and calcium channel blockers

Actions
Stimulates production of glucose from stores, relaxes GI tract
Therapeutic Class
Hormones
Pharmacologic Class
Pancreatics

Guaifenesin (Robitussin)

Generic Name
Guaifenesin
Trade Name
Robitussin
Indications
  • Cough suppression
  • Expectorant
Actions
Decreases viscosity of and mobilizes secretions
Therapeutic Class
Allergy, cold and cough remedies, expectorant
Pharmacologic Class
none

Guaifenesin: Robitussin (allergy, cold and cough remedies, expectorant)

Guaifenesin: Robitussin (allergy, cold and cough remedies, expectorant)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Haloperidol (Haldol)

Generic Name
Haloperidol
Trade Name
Haldol
Indications
  • Schizophrenia
  • Mania
  • Aggressive and agitated patient
Actions
Alters the effect of dopamine
Therapeutic Class
Antipsychotic
Pharmacologic Class
Butyrophenones

Haloperidol: Haldol (Antipsychotic)

Haloperidol: Haldol (Antipsychotic)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Heparin – Insulin Confusion: Deadly results of medication errors in the ICU and Hospital setting

Heparin (Hep-Lock )

Generic Name
Heparin
Trade Name
Hep-Lock
Indications
  • Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis and treatment
  • Low dose used to ensure patency of IV catheters
Actions
Increases the inhibitory effect of antithrombin on factor Xa
Therapeutic Class
Anticoagulant
Pharmacologic Class
Antithrombotic

Heparin: Hep-Lock (anticoagulant)

Heparin: Hep-Lock (anticoagulant)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Hydralazine (Apresoline)

Generic Name
Hydralazine
Trade Name
Apresoline
Indications

Hypertension

Actions
Arterial vasodilator
Therapeutic Class
Anti-hypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
Vasodilator

Hydralazine: Apresoline (anti-hypertensive)

Hydralazine: Apresoline (anti-hypertensive)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril)

Generic Name
Hydrochlorothiazide
Trade Name
HydroDiuril
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • CHF
  • Renal dysfunction
  • Cirrhosis
  • Glucocorticoid therapy
Actions
Increases sodium and water excretion produces arterial dilation
Therapeutic Class
Antihypertensives, diuretics
Pharmacologic Class
Thiazide diuretics

Hydrochlorothiazide – Diuretic use in hospitals and ICUs

Hydrochlorothiazide: HydroDiuril (antihypertensives, diuretics)

Hydrochlorothiazide: HydroDiuril (antihypertensives, diuretics)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Hydrocodone-acetaminophen: Norco (opioid Analgesic, allergy, cold and cough remedies, antitussive)

Hydrocodone-acetaminophen: Norco (opioid Analgesic, allergy, cold and cough remedies, antitussive)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Norco)

Generic Name
Hydrocodone/acetaminophen
Trade Name
Norco
Indications
  • Management of moderate to severe pain
Actions
Alters the perception and reaction to pain by binding to opiate receptors in the CNS, also suppresses the cough reflex
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic, allergy, cold and cough remedies, antitussive
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonists, nonopioid analgesic combinations

Hydromorphone (Dilaudid )

Generic Name
Hydromorphone
Trade Name
Dilaudid
Indications

Moderate to severe pain

Actions
Alters the perception and reaction to pain by binding to opiate receptors in the CNS, also suppresses the cough reflex
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic, allergy, cold and cough remedies, antitussive
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonist

Hydromorphone: Dilaudid (opioid Analgesic, allergy, cold and cough remedies, antitussive)

Hydromorphone: Dilaudid (opioid Analgesic, allergy, cold and cough remedies, antitussive)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Ibuprofen (Advil / Motrin)

Generic Name
Ibuprofen
Trade Name
Advil / Motrin
Indications
  • Mild to moderate pain
  • Inflammatory states
Actions
Decreases pain and inflammation by inhibiting prostaglandins
Therapeutic Class
Antipyretics, antirheumatics, nonopioid analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
Pharmacologic Class
Nonopioid analgesics

Ibuprofen | NSAIDs uses and risks in hospitalized patients

Ibuprofen: Advil / Motrin (antipyretics, antirheumatics, nonopioid analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents)

Ibuprofen: Advil / Motrin (antipyretics, antirheumatics, nonopioid analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Immodium | anti diarrheal

Indomethacin (Indocin )

Generic Name
Indomethacin
Trade Name
Indocin
Indications
  • Inflammatory disorders when patients do not respond to other medications
Actions
Decreases pain and inflammation by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Antirheumatics, ductus arteriosus patency adjuncts (IV only), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
Pharmacologic Class
none

Indomethacin: Indocin (antirheumatics, ductus arteriosus patency adjuncts (IV only), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents)

Indomethacin: Indocin (antirheumatics, ductus arteriosus patency adjuncts (IV only), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Isoniazide

Generic Name
Isoniazide
Trade Name
INH
Indications

Tuberculosis

Actions
Inhibits synthesis of mycobacterial cell wall
Therapeutic Class
Antitubercular
Pharmacologic Class
none

Isoniazide (INH)

Isoniazide  (INH)
Generic Name
Isoniazide
Trade Name
INH
Indications

Tuberculosis

Actions
Inhibits synthesis of mycobacterial cell wall
Therapeutic Class
Antitubercular
Pharmacologic Class
none

Keppra

Ketorolac (Toradol)

Generic Name
Ketorolac
Trade Name
Toradol
Indications
  • Pain
Actions
Pain relief due to prostaglandin inhibition
Therapeutic Class
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, nonopioid analgesics
Pharmacologic Class
Pyrroziline carboxylic acid

Ketorolac: Toradol (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, nonopioid analgesics)

Ketorolac: Toradol (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, nonopioid analgesics)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Lactulose (Kristalose)

Generic Name
Lactulose
Trade Name
Kristalose
Indications
  • Constipation
  • Portal-systemic encephalopathy
Actions
Draws water into the stool and softens stool, inhibits ammonia passing into the colon
Therapeutic Class
Laxative
Pharmacologic Class
Osmotic

Lactulose: Kristalose (laxative)

Lactulose: Kristalose (laxative)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Lamotrigine (Lamictal )

Generic Name
Lamotrigine
Trade Name
Lamictal
Indications
  • Seizures r/t epilepsy, bipolar
Actions
Inhibits sodium transport in neurons
Therapeutic Class
Anticonvulsant
Pharmacologic Class

Lamotrigine: Lamictal (anticonvulsant)

Generic Name
lamotrigine
Trade Name
Lamictal
Indications

seizures r/t epilepsy, bipolar

Actions
Inhibits sodium transport in neurons
Therapeutic Class
anticonvulsant
Pharmacologic Class

Levetiracetam (Keppra)

Generic Name
Levetiracetam
Trade Name
Keppra
Indications
  • Seizures
Actions
Decreases severity and incidence of seizures
Therapeutic Class
Anticonvulsants
Pharmacologic Class
Pyrrolidines

Levetiracetam: Keppra (anticonvulsants)

Generic Name
levetiracetam
Trade Name
Keppra
Indications

Seizures

Actions
decreases severity and incidence of seizures by inhibiting presynaptic calcium channels and reducing neurotransmitter release
Therapeutic Class
anticonvulsants
Pharmacologic Class
pyrrolidines

Levofloxacin (Levaquin)

Generic Name
Levofloxacin
Trade Name
Levaquin
Indications

Urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, respiratory tract infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, skin and bone infections

Actions
Inhibits DNA synthesis in bacteria
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infective
Pharmacologic Class
Fluoroquinolone

Levofloxacin: Levaquin (Anti-infective)

Generic Name
levofloxacin
Trade Name
Levaquin
Indications

urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, respiratory tract infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, skin and bone infections

Actions
inhibits DNA synthesis in bacteria
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infective
Pharmacologic Class
fluoroquinolone

Levothyroxine (Levothroid)

Generic Name
Levothyroxine
Trade Name
Levothroid
Indications
  • Thyroid hormone replacement in hypothyroidism
Actions
Replaces thyroid hormone increasing metabolism, promotes gluconeogenesis, stimulates protein synthesis, restores normal hormone balance and suppresses thyroid cancer
Therapeutic Class
Hormone
Pharmacologic Class
Thyroid preparations

Levothyroxine | Levothroid

Levothyroxine: Levothroid (hormone)

Generic Name
levothyroxine
Trade Name
Levothroid
Indications

thyroid hormone replacement in hypothyroidism

Actions
replaces thyroid hormone, increasing metabolism, promotes gluconeogenesis, stimulates protein synthesis, restores normal hormone balance and suppresses thyroid cancer
Therapeutic Class
hormone
Pharmacologic Class
thyroid preparations

Lisinopril (Prinivil )

Generic Name
Lisinopril
Trade Name
Prinivil
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Management of CHF
Actions
Block conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, increases renin levels and decreases aldosterone leading to vasodil
Therapeutic Class
Antihypertensives
Pharmacologic Class
ACE Inhibitor

Lisipnorpil: Prinivil (antihypertensives)

Generic Name
lisinopril
Trade Name
Prinivil
Indications

hypertension, management of CHF

Actions
block conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, increases renin levels and decreases aldosterone leading to vasodilation
Therapeutic Class
antihypertensives
Pharmacologic Class
ACE Inhibitor

Lithium (Lithizine)

Generic Name
Lithium
Trade Name
Lithizine
Indications
  • Mania
Actions
Alters cation transport and neurotransmitter reuptake
Therapeutic Class
Mood Stabilizer
Pharmacologic Class
none

Lithium: Lithizine (Mood Stabilizer)

Generic Name
lithium
Trade Name
Lithizine
Indications

mania

Actions
alters cation transport and neurotransmitter reuptake
Therapeutic Class
Mood Stabilizer
Pharmacologic Class
none

Loperamide (Imodium)

Generic Name
Loperamide
Trade Name
Imodium
Indications
  • Acute diarrhea
  • Decrease drainage post ileostomy
Actions
Inhibits peristalsis, reduces the volume of feces while increasing the bulk and viscosity
Therapeutic Class
Antidiarrheal
Pharmacologic Class

Loperamide: Imodium (antidiarrheal)

Generic Name
loperamide
Trade Name
Imodium
Indications

acute diarrhea, decrease drainage post ileostomy

Actions
inhibits peristalsis, reduces the volume of feces while increasing the bulk and viscosity
Therapeutic Class
antidiarrheal
Pharmacologic Class

Lorazepam (Ativan)

Generic Name
Lorazepam
Trade Name
Ativan
Indications
  • Anxiety
  • Sedation
  • Seizures
Actions
General CNS depression
Therapeutic Class
Anesthetic adjuncts, antianxiety agents, sedative hypnotics
Pharmacologic Class
Benzodiazepine

Losartan (Cozaar )

Generic Name
Losartan
Trade Name
Cozaar
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • DM neuropathy
  • CHF
Actions
Inhibits vasoconstrictive properties of angiotensin II
Therapeutic Class
Antihypertensives
Pharmacologic Class
Angiotensin II receptor antagonist

Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4)

Generic Name
Magnesium sulfate
Trade Name
MgSO4
Indications
  • Treatment of hypomagnesaemia
  • Hypertension
  • Preterm labor
  • Torsade de pointes
  • Asthma
  • Anticonvulsant with eclampsia
Actions
Magnesium plays a role in muscle excitability
Therapeutic Class
Mineral and electrolyte replacements/supplements
Pharmacologic Class
Minerals/electrolytes

Mannitol

Mannitol (Osmitrol)

Generic Name
Mannitol
Trade Name
Osmitrol
Indications
  • Increased ICP
  • Oliguric renal failure
  • Edema
  • Intraocular pressure
Actions
Inhibits reabsorption of water and electrolytes by increasing osmotic pressure, excreted by kidneys
Therapeutic Class
Diuretic
Pharmacologic Class
Osmotic diuretic

Mannitol: Osmitrol (diuretic)

Generic Name
mannitol
Trade Name
Osmitrol
Indications

increased ICP, oliguric renal failure, edema, intraocular pressure

Actions
inhibits reabsorption of water and electrolytes by increasing osmotic pressure, excreted by kidneys
Therapeutic Class
diuretic
Pharmacologic Class
osmotic diuretic

Meperidine (Demerol)

Generic Name
Meperidine
Trade Name
Demerol
Indications
  • Moderate to severe pain
  • Sedation
Actions
Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS.
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonists

Meperidine: Demerol (Opioid Analgesic)

Generic Name
meperidine
Trade Name
Demerol
Indications

moderate to severe pain, sedation

Actions
Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS.
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
opioid agonists

Metformin (Glucophage)

Generic Name
Metformin
Trade Name
Glucophage
Indications

Management of Type II DM, PCOS

Actions
Decreases glucose production in the liver, decreases absorption, increases cellular insulin sensitivity.
Therapeutic Class
Antidiabetic
Pharmacologic Class
Biguanide

Metformin: Glucophage (Antidiabetic)

Generic Name
metformin
Trade Name
Glucophage
Indications

management of Type II DM, PCOS

Actions
decreases glucose production in the liver, decreases absorption, increases cellular insulin sensitivity
Therapeutic Class
Antidiabetic
Pharmacologic Class
Biguanide

Methadone: Mathadose (opioid analgesic)

Generic Name
methadone
Trade Name
Mathadose
Indications

withdrawal symptoms, pain

Actions
Suppresses withdrawal symptoms. Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS. This depression also causes a decrease in the cough reflex and GI motility.
Therapeutic Class
opioid analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
opioid agonist

Methylergonovine (Methergine)

Generic Name
Methylergonovine
Trade Name
Methergine
Indications

Treatment of post-partum hemorrhage

Actions
Stimulates uterine muscles causing uterine contraction
Therapeutic Class
Oxytocic
Pharmacologic Class
Ergot alkaloids

Methylergonovine: Methergine (oxytocic)

Generic Name
methylergonovine
Trade Name
Methergine
Indications

treatment of post-partum hemorrhage

Actions
stimulates uterine muscles causing uterine contraction
Therapeutic Class
oxytocic
Pharmacologic Class
ergot alkaloids

Methylphenidate (Ritalin)

Generic Name
Methylphenidate
Trade Name
Ritalin
Indications
  • ADHD
  • Narcolepsy
Actions
Improves attention span in ADHD by producing CNS stimulation
Therapeutic Class
Central nervous system stimulant
Pharmacologic Class
none

Methylphenidate: methylphenidate (central nervous system stimulant)

Generic Name
methylphenidate
Trade Name
Ritalin
Indications

ADHD, narcolepsy

Actions
improves attention span in ADHD by producing CNS stimulation
Therapeutic Class
central nervous system stimulant
Pharmacologic Class
none

Methylprednisone (Solu-medrol )

Generic Name
Methylprednisone
Trade Name
Solu-medrol
Indications

Inflammation, allergy, autoimmune disorders, prevent organ rejection

Actions
Suppress inflammation and normal immune response, the adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys. The adrenal glands excrete steroid hormones that play a role in increasing blood sugars, immune suppression, and metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates, as well as decreasing bone formation.
Therapeutic Class
Antiasthmatics, corticosteroids
Pharmacologic Class
C

Methylprednisone: Solu-medrol (antiasthmatics, corticosteroids)

Generic Name
methylprednisone
Trade Name
Solu-medrol
Indications

Inflammation, allergy, autoimmune disorders, prevent organ rejection

Actions
Suppress inflammation and normal immune response. The adrenal glands excrete steroid hormones that play a role in increasing blood sugars, immune suppression, and metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates, as well as decreasing bone formation.
Therapeutic Class
antiasthmatics, corticosteroids
Pharmacologic Class
corticosteroids

Metoclopramide (Reglan)

Generic Name
Metoclopramide
Trade Name
Reglan
Indications
  • Prevention of nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Hiccupsm
  • Migraines
  • Gastric stasis
Actions
Accelerates gastric emptying by stimulating motility
Therapeutic Class
Antiemetic
Pharmacologic Class
none

Metoclopramide (Reglan) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Metoclopramide (Reglan) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
metoclopramide
Trade Name
Reglan
Indications

prevention of nausea, vomiting, hiccups, migraines, gastric stasis

Actions
accelerates gastric emptying by stimulating motility
Therapeutic Class
antiemetic
Pharmacologic Class
none

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Generic Name
Metoprolol
Trade Name
Lopressor
Indications
  • Tachyarrhythmias
  • HTN
  • Angina
  • Prevention of MI
  • Heart failure management
  • May be used for migraine prophylaxis
Actions
Blocks the stimulation of beta1 receptors in the SNS with does not usually effect on beta2 receptors (cardioselective)
Therapeutic Class
antianginal, antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
beta blocker

Metronidazole (Flagyl )

Generic Name
Metronidazole
Trade Name
Flagyl
Indications
  • Intra-abdominal infections
  • Gynecoligical infections
  • Skin infections
  • Bone and joint infections
  • CNS infections
  • Septicemia
  • Endocarditis
  • Amebic liver abscess
  • Peptic ulcer disease
Actions
Inhibits DNA and protein synthesis in bacteria, bactericidal
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives, antiprotozoals, antiulcer agents
Pharmacologic Class
none

Midazolam (Versed)

Generic Name
Midazolam
Trade Name
Versed
Indications
  • Sedation
  • Conscious sedation
  • Anesthesia
  • Status epilepticus
Actions
Acts to produce CNS depression, may be mediated by GABA.
Therapeutic Class
Antianxiety agent, sedative/hypnotics
Pharmacologic Class
Benzodiazepine

Montelukast (Singulair)

Generic Name
Montelukast
Trade Name
Singulair
Indications

Prevent or treat asthma, manage seasonal allergies, prevent exercise-induced bronchoconstriction

Actions
Disrupts the effects of leukotrienes which effect airway edema, smooth muscle constriction, and cellular activity.
Therapeutic Class
Allergy, cold, and cough remedies, bronchodilators
Pharmacologic Class
Leukotriene Antagonist

Montelukast (Singulair) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

Montelukast (Singulair) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations
Generic Name
montelukast
Trade Name
Singulair
Indications

prevent or treat asthma, manage seasonal allergies, prevent exercise-induced bronchoconstriction

Actions
disrupts the effects of leukotrienes which effect airway edema, smooth muscle constriction, and cellular
activity
Therapeutic Class
allergy, cold, and cough remedies, bronchodilators
Pharmacologic Class
Leukotriene Antagonist

Morphine (MS Contin)

Generic Name
Morphine
Trade Name
MS Contin
Indications
  • Painpulmonary edema, MI
  • Pulmonary edema, MI
Actions
Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS. This depression also causes a decrease in the cough reflex and GI motility.
Therapeutic Class
Opioid analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonist

Nalbuphine (Nubain)

Generic Name
Nalbuphine
Trade Name
Nubain
Indications

Alters perception and response to pain, causes CNS depression

Actions
Alters perception and response to pain, causes CNS depression
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonists/analgesics

Naproxen (Aleve)

Generic Name
Naproxen
Trade Name
Aleve
Indications
  • Pain
  • Dismenorrhea
  • Fever
  • Inflammation
Actions
Inhibits prostaglandin synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, nonopioid analgesics, antipyretics
Pharmacologic Class
none

Nifedipine (Procardia)

Generic Name
Nifedipine
Trade Name
Procardia
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • Migraines
  • CHF
Actions
Blocks calcium transport resulting in inhibition of contraction causing systemic vasodilatation
Therapeutic Class
Antianginals, antihypertensives
Pharmacologic Class
Ca Channel Blocker

Nitroprusside (Nitropress)

Generic Name
Nitroprusside
Trade Name
Nitropress
Indications
  • Hypertensive crisis
  • Cardiogenic shock
Actions
Peripheral vasodilation of arteries and veins decreasing preload and afterload
Therapeutic Class
Antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class
Vasodilator

Norepinephrine (Levophed)

Generic Name
Norepinephrine
Trade Name
Levophed
Indications

Treatment of severe hypotension and shock

Actions
Increase blood pressure and cardiac output by stimulating alpha-adrenergic receptors in the blood vessels, demonstrates minor beta activity
Therapeutic Class
Vasopressor
Pharmacologic Class

NPH (Humulin N, Novolin N )

Generic Name
NPH
Trade Name
Humulin N, Novolin N
Indications
  • Hyperglycemia with diabetes type 1 and 2
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
Actions
Stimulates uptake of glucose into muscle and fat cells, inhibits production of glucose in the liver, prevents breakdown of fat and protein

Route Onset Peak Duration
Subcutaneous 1-2 hr 4-12hr 18-24hr
Therapeutic Class
Antidiabetics, hormones
Pharmacologic Class
Pancreatics

NPH Insulin: Humulin N, Novolin N (antidiabetics, hormones)

NPH Insulin: Humulin N, Novolin N (antidiabetics, hormones)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

NRSNG Isn’t Mine . . . It’s OURS!

Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Nystatin (Mycostatin )

Generic Name
Nystatin
Trade Name
Mycostatin
Indications
  • Candidiasis
  • Denture stomatitis
Actions
Causes leakage of fungal cell contents
Therapeutic Class
Antifungal
Pharmacologic Class
none

Olanzapine (Zyprexa )

Generic Name
Olanzapine
Trade Name
Zyprexa
Indications
  • Schizophrenia, mania
  • Depression
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Nausea/vomiting related to chemotherapy
Actions
Antagonizes dopamine and serotonin
Therapeutic Class
Antipsychotic, mood stabilizers
Pharmacologic Class
Thienobenzodiazepines

Omeprazole (Prilosec )

Generic Name
Omeprazole
Trade Name
Prilosec
Indications
  • GERD
  • Ulcers
  • Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
  • Reduce the risk of GI bleed in critically ill patients
  • Heart burn
Actions
Prevents the transport of H ions into the gastric lumen by binding to gastric parietal cells, ↓ gastric acid production
Therapeutic Class
Antiulcer agent
Pharmacologic Class
Proton-pump inhibitor

Ondansetron (Zofran)

Generic Name
Ondansetron
Trade Name
Zofran
Indications
  • Nausea/vomiting
Actions
Blocks effects of serotonin on vagal nerve and CNS
Therapeutic Class
Antiemetic
Pharmacologic Class
5-HT3 antagonist

Oxycodone (Oxycontin )

Generic Name
Oxycodone
Trade Name
Oxycontin
Indications
  • Pain
Actions
Binds to opiate receptors in CNS altering the perception and sensation of pain
Therapeutic Class
Opioid Analgesic
Pharmacologic Class
Opioid agonists, opioid agonists/nonopioid, analgesic combinations

Oxytocin (Pitocin)

Generic Name
Oxytocin
Trade Name
Pitocin
Indications
  • Labor induction
  • Postpartum bleeding
Actions
Stimulates uterine smooth muscle
Therapeutic Class
Hormones
Pharmacologic Class
Oxytocics

Pancrelipase (Creon )

Generic Name
Pancrelipase
Trade Name
Creon
Indications
  • Pancreatic insufficiency
  • Ductal obstruction
Actions
Replacement of pancreatic enzymes: lipase, amylase, protease
Therapeutic Class
Digestive agent
Pharmacologic Class
Pancreatic enzyme

Pantoprazole (Protonix )

Generic Name
Pantoprazole
Trade Name
Protonix
Indications
  • GERD
  • Heartburn
  • Reduce the risk of GI bleed in critically ill patients
Actions
Prevents the transport of H ions into the gastric lumen by binding to gastric parietal cells, ↓ gastric acid production
Therapeutic Class
Antiulcer agents
Pharmacologic Class
Proton-pump inhibitors

Paroxetine (Paxil)

Generic Name
Paroxetine
Trade Name
Paxil
Indications
  • Major depressive disorder
  • OCD
  • anxiety
  • PTSD
Actions
Block reuptake of serotonin in CNS
Therapeutic Class
Antianxiety agent, antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
SSRI

Pepto Bismol

Phenazopyridine (Pyridium )

Generic Name
Phenazopyridine
Trade Name
Pyridium
Indications
  • Urological pain
Actions
Provides analgesia to the urinary tract mucosa
Therapeutic Class
Nonopioid analgesics
Pharmacologic Class
Urinary tract analgesics

Phenytoin (Dilantin)

Generic Name
Phenytoin
Trade Name
Dilantin
Indications
  • Tonic clonic seizures
  • Arrhythmias
  • Neuropathic pain
Actions
Interferes with ion transport, shortens action potentials and decreases automaticity. Blocks sustained high frequency repetitive firing of action potentials.
Therapeutic Class
Antiarrhythmics, anticonvulsants
Pharmacologic Class
Hydantoins

Procainamide

Generic Name
Procainamide
Trade Name
Indications
  • Wide variety ventricular and atrial arrhythmias, PAC, PVC, VTach, post cardioversion
Actions
Decreases excitability and slows conduction velocity
Therapeutic Class
Antiarrhythmic (Class IA Na Channel Blocker)
Pharmacologic Class

Promethazine (Promethacon)

Generic Name
Promethazine
Trade Name
Promethacon
Indications
  • Allergic reactions
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sedation
Actions
Blocks the effects of histamine, histamine plays a role in the immune response. Also plays an inhibitory role on the chemoreceptor trigger zone in the medulla leading to an antiemetic effect. Possess anticholinergic properties producing CNS depression.
Therapeutic Class
antiemetic, antihistamine, sedative/hypnotic
Pharmacologic Class
Phenothiazine

Promethazine | Antiemetic, Antihistamine, Sedative/Hypnotic

Propofol (Diprivan )

Generic Name
Propofol
Trade Name
Diprivan
Indications
  • Anesthesia
  • Induction
  • Sedation
Actions
Hypnotic
Produces amnesia
Therapeutic Class
General anesthetic
Pharmacologic Class
none

Propranolol (Inderal)

Generic Name
Propranolol
Trade Name
Inderal
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • Arrythmias
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Alcohol withdrawal
  • Anxiety
Actions
Blocks Beta 1&2 adrenergic receptors
Therapeutic Class
Antianginal, antiarrhythimic (class II beta blockers), antihypertensive, headache suppressant
Pharmacologic Class
Beta blocker

Propylthiouracil (PTU)

Generic Name
Propylthiouracil
Trade Name
PTU
Indications

Hyperthyroidism

Actions
Inhibits thyroid hormones
Therapeutic Class
Antithyroid Agent
Pharmacologic Class
none

Quetiapine (Seroquel )

Generic Name
Quetiapine
Trade Name
Seroquel
Indications
  • Schizophrenia
  • Depressive Disorder
  • Mania
Actions
Dopamine and serotonin antagonist
Therapeutic Class
Antipsychotic, mood stabilizers
Pharmacologic Class
none

Radioactive iodine (none )

Generic Name
Radioactive iodine
Trade Name
none
Indications
  • Thyroidectomy pretreatment
  • Thyrotoxic crisis
  • Radiation exposure
Actions
Inhibits the release of thyroid hormones
Therapeutic Class
Antithyroid Agent, control of hyperthyroidism
Pharmacologic Class
none

Radioactive iodine (Antithyroid Agent, control of hyperthyroidism)

Radioactive iodine (Antithyroid Agent, control of hyperthyroidism)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Ranitidine (Zantac )

Generic Name
Ranitidine
Trade Name
Zantac
Indications
  • Duodenal ulcers, GERD
  • Heartburn
  • Esophagitis
  • GI bleed
Actions
Inhibits action of histamine in gastric parietal cells, decreases gastric acid secretion
Therapeutic Class
Antiulcer agents
Pharmacologic Class
Histamine H2 antagonists

Regular (Humulin R/Novolin R)

Generic Name
Regular
Trade Name
Humulin R/Novolin R
Indications

Hyperglycemia with diabetes type 1 and 2, diabetic ketoacidosis

Actions
Stimulates uptake of glucose into muscle and fat cells, inhibits production of glucose in the liver, prevents breakdown of fat and protein
Therapeutic Class
Antidiabetics, hormones
Pharmacologic Class
Pancreatics

Regular Insulin (short acting): Humulin R/Novolin R (antidiabetics, hormones)

Regular Insulin (short acting): Humulin R/Novolin R (antidiabetics, hormones)
Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Rifampin (Rimactane)

Generic Name
Rifampin
Trade Name
Rimactane
Indications
  • Tuberculosis
Actions
Inhibits RNA synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Antitubercular
Pharmacologic Class
Rifamycins

Rosuvastatin

Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Salmeterol (Serevent)

Generic Name
Salmeterol
Trade Name
Serevent
Indications
  • Reversible Airway obstruction
  • Exercise induced asthma
Actions
Bronchodilation through stimulation of beta 2 adrenergic receptors
Therapeutic Class
Bronchodilators
Pharmacologic Class
Adrenergics

Sertraline (Zoloft)

Generic Name
Sertraline
Trade Name
Zoloft
Indications
  • Major depressive disorder
  • OCD
  • Anxiety
Actions
Inhibits uptake of serotonin
Therapeutic Class
Antidepressant
Pharmacologic Class
SSRI

Spironolactone (Aldactone)

Generic Name
Spironolactone
Trade Name
Aldactone
Indications
  • Potassium loss
  • Hypertension
  • Edema
  • CHF
Actions
Inhibits sodium reabsorption while sparing potassium and hydrogen
Therapeutic Class
Diuretics
Pharmacologic Class
Potassium sparing diuretics

Streptokinase (Streptase)

Generic Name
Streptokinase
Trade Name
Streptase
Indications
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • DVT
  • Occluded lines
  • Arterial thrombus
Actions
Converts plasminogen to plasmin which degrades fibrin clots
Therapeutic Class
Thrombolytic
Pharmacologic Class
Plasminogen activators

Sublimaze

Generic Name
Trade Name
Indications
Actions
Therapeutic Class
Pharmacologic Class

Sucralfate (Carafate )

Generic Name
Sucralfate
Trade Name
Carafate
Indications
  • Management of GI ulcers
  • GI injury prevention from high dose aspirin and NSAID treatment
Actions
Reacts with gastric acid to form a paste that adheres to ulcer
Therapeutic Class
Antiulcer agent
Pharmacologic Class
GI protectant

t-PA Alteplase

Terbutaline (Brethaire)

Generic Name
Terbutaline
Trade Name
Brethaire
Indications
  • Asthma
  • COPD
  • Preterm labor
Actions
Produces bronchodilation
Therapeutic Class
Bronchodilators
Pharmacologic Class
Adrenergics

Tetracycline (Doxycycline )

Generic Name
Tetracycline
Trade Name
Doxycycline
Indications
  • Treatment of infection
  • Gonorrhea & syphilis with penicillin allergy
  • Chronic bronchitis
Actions
Bacteriostatic by inhibiting protein synthesis
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
Tetracyclines

Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim/TMP-SMZ)

Generic Name
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole
Trade Name
Bactrim/TMP-SMZ
Indications
  • Bronchitis
  • UTI
  • Diarrhea
  • Pneumonia
  • Multiple types of infection
Actions
Bacteriacidal by preventing metabolism of folic acid
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives, antiprotozoals
Pharmacologic Class
Folate antagonists, sulfonamides

Tylenol

Vancomycin (Vancocin )

Generic Name
Vancomycin
Trade Name
Vancocin
Indications
  • Life threatening infections
  • Sepsis
Actions
Bactericidal
Therapeutic Class
Anti-infectives
Pharmacologic Class
none

Vasopressin (Pitressin)

Generic Name
Vasopressin
Trade Name
Pitressin
Indications
  • Management of diabetes insipidus
  • VT/VF unresponsive to initial shock
  • GI hemorrhage
Actions
Increases water permeability of the kidney’s collecting duct and distal convoluted tubule leading to water retention, also increases peripheral vascular resistance leading to increased BP
Therapeutic Class
Hormone
Pharmacologic Class
Antidiuretic hormone

Verapamil (Isoptin)

Generic Name
Verapamil
Trade Name
Isoptin
Indications
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • SVT
  • Migraine
Actions
Prevents transport of calcium, leading to decreased contraction, decreases SA and AV node conduction
Therapeutic Class
Antianginals, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, vascular headache suppressants
Pharmacologic Class
Ca Channel Blocker

Warfarin (Coumadin)

Generic Name
Warfarin
Trade Name
Coumadin
Indications
  • Venous thrombosis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • A-fib
  • Myocardial infarction
Actions
Disrupts liver synthesis of Vitamin K dependent clotting factors
Therapeutic Class
Anticoagulant
Pharmacologic Class
Coumarins