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Please keep in mind that all of the following lab values are for the adult patient, unless otherwise stated. We also do our very best to provide you with consistent normal ranges, however please keep in mind that these may vary depending upon your reference source. Your nursing school textbooks may reflect slightly different values. When in doubt, go with what your nursing school professors have provided, as that will be what you are tested upon.
The specific labs will depend on the severity of the patient’s symptoms and additional concurrent problems, but generally speaking, the following will be drawn:
If it is suspected the patient has a simple infection, there are a few labs drawn, which are outlined below. However, if a major infection is suspected and sepsis is a concern, then the labs drawn will reflect those in the following sepsis section. Cultures are drawn from wherever the infection is suspected to originate to determine the specific microorganism causing the infection. Then, an appropriate antibiotic can be selected. Examples of cultures include blood cultures (2 sets are drawn because if both reveal the same microorganism, then it is likely that is the issue… however, if only 1 set is positive, then it may be a contaminated specimen), a urinalysis with reflective culture test (or UA with reflex for short), stool culture, sputum culture, wound culture(s), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture, or cultures from an invasive line (like a central line) if that is where the infection is suspected to originate.
A CBC will most likely also be ordered in addition to cultures to determine the source of infection. They are looking closely at the WBC count, as an elevation in this is an indicator of infection.
Additional diagnostics can be obtained as well, like a chest x-ray, CT, or MRI.
To summarize: CBC and cultures from suspected source (blood, urine, stool, sputum, wound, CSF, and/or invasive lines)
All. All of the labs.
Haha, just kidding. But seriously, there are a LOT of labs to draw for sepsis.
These are all very important and it is essential to obtain them in a timely matter because with sepsis, time is of the essence. Also, it is absolutely imperative that your cultures are drawn BEFORE initiating antibiotics. The “golden hour” of sepsis is initiating antibiotics within the first hour, which means that you must draw your labs FAST.
To summarize: CMP with anion gap, mag, phos, CBC with diff, type and screen, ABG, PT/INR, PTT, CK isoenzymes, troponin, lactic acid, blood cultures (x2), UA with reflective culture, sputum culture, wound culture(s) if wounds are present
There are a few labs to ascertain whether or not a patient is newly diagnosed with diabetes, which include a fingerstick glucose (needed immediately!) as well as a Hemoglobin A1C (not as urgent, but necessary during admission… abbreviated as HgbA1C).
You’ll be monitoring glucose frequently during their admission. The exact frequency depends on the actual level. It could be taken as frequently as every 15 minutes, only before meals, before and after meals, every 6 hours, and so forth. If able, the physician will likely order a fasting blood glucose.
A lipid panel may be ordered to assess hyperlipidemia, when if present with diabetes really increases the risk for heart disease.
The HgbA1C tells you how well their blood sugar has been controlled over the last 3 months.
A BMP is helpful to check on kidney function (BUN, Creatinine) as kidney compromise can occur with uncontrolled diabetes.
To summarize: glucose, lipid panel, hemoglobin A1C, BMP
A liver panel, hepatic panel, or liver function tests (LFT’s) are drawn to assess the liver. While there can be more drawn than this to get even more specific, generally speaking… assessing the liver with labs includes these values: ALT, AST, ALP (all of which are typically elevated if there’s an issue), total and indirect bilirubin (again, increased), albumin and total protein (typically decreased if a problem is occurring).
To summarize: ALT, AST, ALP, total and indirect bilirubin, albumin and total protein
To summarize: BMP, serum osmo, CBC
To summarize: troponin I, troponin T, CK, CK-MB, BNP and pro-BNP (if the patient has CHF), CMP, CBC, lipid profile
CBC is the main lab ordered for anemia. With a CBC we’re looking at a few things…
To summarize: CBC, reticulocyte count, iron indices, various vitamin levels, bone marrow biopsy
Various labs are necessary to draw, but one single lab won’t confirm diagnosis. You must consider the entire clinical picture and diagnostics in addition to the below labs. All are important, but the BNP is a big one for CHF.
To summarize: CBC, CMP, cardiac enzymes, CRP, T3, T4, BNP, pro-BNP
The main lab in this case is a urinalysis with reflexive culture. This will identify the kind of microorganism so that the appropriate antibiotic can be initiated. Also, a CBC will most likely also be ordered. They are looking closely at the WBC count, as an elevation in this is an indicator of infection.
To summarize: UA with reflex, CBC
If a patient potentially has DIC, they’re one sick pup. Many labs may be ordered, but these are the standard labs drawn to come to the DIC diagnosis:
To summarize; CBC, aPTT, PTT, FDP’s, D-Dimer
To summarize: CBC w/ or w/o diff, CMP or BMP, ABG, blood and sputum cultures, therapeutic drug levels of antibiotics
The fluid should be aspirated and sent for the following labs:
Assessing the liver is necessary as well. Therefore these serum labs should also be drawn:
Patients with DKA will get many labs drawn at various intervals. Like sepsis, this is another doozy!
To summarize: ABG, BMP, mag, phos, anion gap, ketones, CBC, blood and urine cultures, amylase, plasma osmolality
Other labs may be drawn, but these are the biggest ones to look at with SIADH.
To summarize: serum and urine osmolality, CMP
Cirrhosis is an issue with the liver, so naturally it’ll be essential to assess liver function.
There are many additional labs that can be ordered, depending on the circumstance. If ascites is also present, the fluid most likely will be analyzed. They may be tested for Hep B or C if not already diagnosed.
To summarize: CMP, CBC, PTT, PT
To summarize: CBC with diff, BMP, mag, phos, PT/INT, PTT, aPTT, bleeding time, hemoccult
These are the basic labs drawn when a patient is diagnosed with a stroke. Please keep in mind there are both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, and additional labs may be ordered for varying degrees of severity, as well as if something else is going on with the patient.
To summarize: glucose, BMP/CMP, lipid panel, hemoglobin A1C, CBC, PT/INR, PTT
There are three different Hep B tests you can do. The selection of which depends on the circumstances… so if you want to see if a vaccinated person still has immunity… if someone is suspected of having Hep B…. or if you’re trying to figure out if it’s acute versus chronic.
The Hepatitis B surface antigen test (or HBsAG) detects a protein that’s present on the surface of the virus. This is typically done in the patient you’re thinking may have Hep B, a Hep B screening (so if you experience an accidental needlestick and need to see if the patient has Hep B, they’ll draw this lab).
The Hepatitis B surface antibody test (or anti-HBs) detects any antibody produced in response to the Hep B surface antigen. Essentially, this is done when you’re checking to see if a vaccinated person has immunity (so if you were vaccinated as a child and are now applying to nursing school, this lab may be drawn to see if you still have immunity and whether or not you need a booster). This can also be drawn if someone previously had an infection and we’re seeing it they’re immune,
Finally, the total anti-hepatitis B core tests (or anti-HBc, IgM and IgG) detect the following antibodies: Hepatitis B, IgM, IgG. This is done when you’re trying to figure out if this is a chronic versus acute situation. IgM is produced first, and then IgG presents itself later on and hangs around for the rest of the patient’s life typically.
Basically, diagnosing c.diff is a 2-step process. If it is suspected a patient has c.diff, a stool sample is collected and a non-specific screening is performed. This tests for the c. diff antigen. So this antigen is produced in high amounts by c.diff, but isn’t specific to toxin-producing c.diff, which is what we care about. So if this screening test comes back positive, another test is performed.
(Typically, the nurse is sending down the stool sample, and this 2-step process is taken care of within the lab by their own processes.)
A toxigenic stool culture is the gold standard in this 2-step process, but takes about 2-3 days to result, and doesn’t tell you if it’s a colonization versus overgrowth or infection… therefore, another test has to be completed so you know which treatment course to take. Also, when a patient is pretty sick in the hospital, finding out in 2-3 days isn’t always great. The other option is a PCR assay, which results quickly and is very sensitive and reliable… but not all labs have the capabilities for this particular test.
There are quite a few labs to know to be successful with the NCLEX. Please note that just because something is listed below doesn’t mean you will definitely see it on the exam.
Electrolytes: potassium, sodium, calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus
Most common labs: RBC, HGB, HCT, PLT, WBC, PT, INR/PTT, Albumin, Creatinine, BUN, Glucose, HBGA1C, BNP, UA, Troponin I, Cholesterol, Ammonia, Total Bilirubin, Lactic Acid, ABG’s.
We created an entire course which focuses solely on these labs. You can check it out here, or as part of our NRSNG Academy, along with ten other courses.
The manner in which a nurse charts lab values is heavily dependent upon the policies and procedures of the institution in which you’re working. Many times, the labs are automatically posted and charted by the lab department and as the nurse, you merely need to chart that you’ve reviewed them.
However, if you need to actually type lab values into the chart there are a few things to remember:
Lab values: fishbone
Lab fishbones are basically a quick way to write out labs during report where you don’t have to write out the name of the lab, merely the value, in a consistent location. It makes writing down and referencing information for report significantly faster. Seriously. Nurses love these things.
However, the trick is that not everyone writes them the same. There isn’t an ironclad specific way you must do this or die a painful NCLEX death. This is because you are writing these on your personal report sheet, not the patient’s medical record.
(If for some reason you are handwriting these in a patient’s medical record, you must follow your institution’s policy on these precisely.)
What is important is that you do it the same way every time. Consistency is key, people! If you keep changing it up, you won’t know which lab is which… and that defeats the purpose. Also, don’t give up too soon on learning these. It can be frustrating at first to learn where things go, but once you get the hang of it, it’ll be smooth sailing.
Consistency is key, people! If you keep changing it up, you won’t know which lab is which… and that defeats the purpose. Also, don’t give up too soon on learning these. It can be frustrating at first to learn where things go, but once you get the hang of it, it’ll be smooth sailing.
Check out this Lab Values Skeleton Cheatsheet here with skeleton examples for CBC, liver enzymes, ABG, BMP, Chem-10, liver profile, and bleeding times!
Routine lab monitoring has been the standard for patients taking isotretinoin, however recently that’s been reexamined to determine if it’s necessary.
Currently, triglycerides, ALT (alanine aminotransferase), WBC, and platelets are monitored. (Essentially, a lipid panel, CBC, and hepatic panel.) This is done either weekly, biweekly, or monthly until they’re able to gauge response has been done
Article and study discussing this evolving standard!
If a patient has a continuously infusing heparin drip, typically an aPTT is drawn at routine intervals. This lets you know if you need to increase, decrease, or maintain your dosage. It is drawn more frequently at first (typically every 6 hours until therapeutic – it’s TIMED and therefore essential to draw it promptly when due) and then possibly every 12-24 hours while therapeutic. The therapeutic range is dependent upon the reasoning for the drip in the first place.
However, some institutions draw an anti-Xa rather than an aPTT to determine the therapeutic level of heparin in the blood.
A CBC, PT/INR, PTT, and bleeding time is also frequently assessed at baseline. It’s helpful to know where the patient started before heparin was initiated with these various values so that when reassessed, we can see how much they’ve adjusted.
If you think your patient has heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, or HIT, you will draw a HIT panel. Roughly 3% of patients receiving heparin will develop HIT (source). A HIT panel includes serotonin release assay (SRA), unfractionated heparin, and heparin-induced platelet antibody.
PTT, Anti-Xa – monitoring one of these and titrating appropriately is the normal process.
Platelets – we monitor these, but hoping not to see a change or decrease below 100,000… otherwise the patient may be developing heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. To monitor platelets, you would draw a CBC.
When initiating furosemide, it’s helpful to initially monitor quite a few values. The frequency of lab monitoring really depends on how much they are getting and what route. (For example, a patient being started on 20 mg orally once a day versus someone with a continuous IV infusion.)
Regardless of frequency, it’s essential to monitor electrolytes (potassium in particular) and kidney function. This can be done with a BMP or CMP and a magnesium level.
The lithium test is required to assess the therapeutic level of lithium. Currently, the therapeutic range is 0.6-1.2 mmol/L.
However, whenever someone is initially being started on lithium, a baseline CBC, BMP, lipid profile, fasting glucose and hepatic panel are drawn.
While there are literally THOUSANDS of lab values that you can learn, it would be impossible to do so . . .
As you begin working as a nurse on a specialized unit you will have to learn different labs that are important to that field.
To break it down even further for you and to answer the question that we get from student daily: “What lab values do I need to know for the NCLEX?” . . . I have created this short video.
APPT is a test that measures the amount of time it takes for a fibrin clot to form after reagents have been added to the specimen. It is useful in diagnosis clotting disorders. In conjunction with PT it can be used to differentiate the specific factor that may be missing.
ALT is an enzyme made in the liver. This enzyme is found in highest concentrations in the liver , but is found to lesser extent in heart, skeletal muscle and kidney. Damage to the liver results in a significant increase in this enzyme.
Albumin is a transport protein in the blood. It helps maintain the oncotic pressure of the blood. Albumin levels will drop if synthesis is slowed, protein intake is inadequate, or there are increased losses. Albumin has a long half life, however, so levels are not a good indicator of acute illness.
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is located in several places in the body: liver, intestines, biliary tract, bones, placenta. Different isoenzymes of ALP can be used to determine different disorders: liver, bone, intestine, certain cancers. It can also be used to determine bone turnover in postmenopausal women.
Ammonia (NH3) is a byproduct created when protein is broken down. Ammonia is converted into urea in the liver, and urea is excreted by the kidneys. During liver disease, ammonia levels rise and can have a negative effect on the brain.
Amylase is made in the pancreas. It is an enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates to allow our body to absorb it. Monitoring amylase levels can identify problems with the pancreas.
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) is an enzyme primarily found in liver and heart cells and to a smaller extent, AST can also be found in the pancreas, kidneys, skeletal muscle, and brain. Levels of AST increase from cell death (necrosis) because the AST enzyme is released into the blood.
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) measures the amount of urea in the blood. When protein is broken down ammonia is formed. Ammonia is converted to urea in the liver and is eventually excreted in the kidneys.
Brain natriureticpeptide (BNP) is a hormone made by the heart. When the heart is stressed or working hard to pump blood, it releases BNP.
C-reactive protein (CRP) is made in the liver in response to inflammation. CRP is a good indicator because it increases quickly in the inflammatory response, and drops when inflammation resolves.
Calcium (Ca+), a positive ion in the body, is necessary for neuromuscular processes, bone mineralization, and hormonal secretion. The parathyroid gland and vitamin D are responsible for calcium regulation in the body. In the blood, about half of calcium travels in ion form, the other half is bound to proteins like albumin. When albumin levels are low, calcium levels will appear lower. Calcium has an important relationship with phosphorus: they are inversely proportional.
Chloride (Cl–), an anion found in the blood, works together with sodium to help maintain oncotic pressure and water balance in the body. Chloride is inversely related to bicarbonate levels in the blood. Chloride is also part of hydrochloric acid (HCL) which is utilized in the stomach to breakdown food. When Red Blood Cells (RBCs) take up CO2 they take up chloride as well. The negative ion bicarbonate then leaves the red blood cell so that the electrical charge is maintained. Extra chloride is excreted into the urine by the kidneys.
Cholesterol (Chol) is a lipid in the body. It is a part of cell membranes as well as a precursor for vitamin D, steroids, and bile acids. Cholesterol is primarily synthesized in the liver and intestines and is transported via lipoproteins. There are multiple types of lipoproteins, each have slightly different functions. The two most common types of lipoproteins are high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
Creatine kinase (CK) enzyme is found in heart and skeletal muscle and to a lesser extent brain. When damage is done to these types of tissue CK is released into the blood. There are three isoenzymes, and depending on which one is elevated this lab value can help determine timing, location, extent of damage. The three isoenzymes are CK-MB (cardiac), CK-MM (skeletal), and CK-BB (brain).
Creatinine (Cr) is a byproduct of creatine metabolism, and it is excreted by the kidneys. Creatinine is created in proportion to muscle mass and usually stays stable.
Creatinine is a byproduct of Creatine metabolism, and it is excreted in the kidneys. Creatinine is created in proportion to muscle mass and usually stays stable. Urine and blood levels are compared to determine creatinine clearance from the blood. Any disease that affects the kidneys ability to clear waste products will increase blood creatinine levels and decrease creatinine clearance levels.
D-dimer (DDI) is a product of fibrinolysis, the process of plasminogen breaking down fibrin clots. Two products are made by fibrinolysis: D-dimer (DDI) and Fibrin Degradation Products (FDP). D-dimer levels are elevated in the setting of clot breakdown, but will be even higher in the setting of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC).
The Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) test measures sedimentation of Red Blood Cells (RBCs). The inflammatory process affects proteins in the blood which causes RBCs to stick together and settle out of liquid. Normal blood has very little settling, but during the inflammatory process the ESR is elevated.
Ferritin is a protein that stores iron. It is formed in the liver spleen and bone marrow. Ferritin in the blood is usually proportional to stored ferritin. Ferritin is a more sensitive and specific test for identifying iron-deficiency anemia, however, it is usually measured in conjunction with total iron binding capacity and iron.
Folic acid is an essential water soluble B vitamin. It is stored in the liver and is an important part of Red Blood Cell (RBC) and White Blood Cell (WBC) function, DNA replication, and cell division.
Glucose is a sugar molecule that is a component of carbohydrates. Glucose provides energy in the body and is absorbed from the blood to the cells for nourishment via insulin. The pancreas secretes insulin to helps regulate levels of glucose in the blood. Glucose levels naturally rise after meals with the intake of carbohydrates.
Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) is the combination of glucose and hemoglobin. When glucose is elevated in the blood the amount of glycosylated hemoglobin increases proportionally. A red blood cells lifespan is about 4 months, so you can get an idea of blood sugar control over the last several months.
Hematocrit (Hct) is the percentage of the blood that is made up of packed Red Blood Cells (RBCs). A hematocrit level of 40% indicates that there are 40 mL packed red blood cells in 100 mL of blood.
Hemoglobin (Hbg), an iron containing compound, is the main protein in Red Blood Cells (RBCs). It enables oxygen and carbon dioxide (CO2) to bind to RBCs for transport throughout the body.
Cholesterol is transported via lipoproteins. There are multiple types of lipoproteins and they each have slightly different functions: high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein, LDL, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). HDL cholesterol is considered the good cholesterol because it travels through the blood picking up extra cholesterol and taking it back to the liver.
International normalized ratio(INR) takes results from a prothrombin time test and standardizes it regardless of collection method.
Iron (Fe) is an element that is an important component of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Hemoglobin transports oxygen from the lungs to all the cells of the body. Most of the iron in the body is located in hemoglobin, but some iron is located in myoglobin as well as some iron is stored in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen. The storage form of iron is ferritin. Iron is transported in the blood by a protein called transferrin.
Lactate (Lactic Acid) is a byproduct of anaerobic metabolism. Normally, the tissues use aerobic metabolism to breakdown glucose for energy and the byproduct is CO2 and H2O which we excrete through our kidneys and exhalation. However, if the tissues are starved of oxygen (hypoxic), they use anaerobic metabolism. This can be compounded if the liver is also hypoxic causing the liver to be unable to clear the lactic acid.
Lipase is an enzyme created in the pancreas. It travels to the intestines where it aids in the breakdown of fats. If damage occurs to certain parts of the pancreas, lipase is released into the bloodstream.
Cholesterol is transported via lipoproteins. There are multiple types of lipoproteins and they each have slightly different functions: high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein, LDL, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). LDL cholesterol is considered bad cholesterol because as it travels through the blood, it deposits cholesterol into the lining of blood vessels, causing atherosclerosis and an increase in cardiovascular disease.
Magnesium (Mg) is a cation necessary for protein synthesis, nucleic acid synthesis, muscle contraction, ATP (adenosine triphosphate) use, nerve impulse conduction, and blood clotting. Magnesium affects the absorption of sodium, calcium, phosphorus, potassium.
Osmolality is a measure of the particles in solution. The size, shape, and charge of the particles do not impact the osmolality
Oxygen saturation (SaO2) is a measurement of the percentage of how much hemoglobin is saturated with oxygen. Oxygen is transported in the blood in two ways: oxygen dissolved in blood plasma (pO2) and oxygen bound to hemoglobin (SaO2). About 97% of oxygen is bound to hemoglobin while 3% is dissolved in plasma. SaO2 and pO2 have direct relationships, if one is decreased so is the other. The relationship between oxygen saturation (SaO2) and partial pressure O2 (PaO2) is referred to as the oxyhemoglobin (HbO2) dissociation curve. SaO2 of about 90% is associated with PaO2 of about 60 mmHg. For more information on PaO2, SaO2 and oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve visit this link HERE.
Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)evaluates the function of factors I, II, V, VIII, IX, X, XI, and XII. PTT represents the amount of time required for a fibrin clot to form. Monitors therapeutic ranges for people taking Heparin.
Platelets (PLT) play a role in coagulation, hemostasis, and thrombus formation. Platelets are the smallest blood cell, damaged vessels send out signals that result in platelets traveling to the area and becoming “active”.
Potassium (K+) is the most abundant intracellular cation and plays a vital role in the transmission of electrical impulses in cardiac and skeletal muscle. It plays a role in acid base equilibrium. In states of acidosis hydrogen with enter the cell as this happens it will force potassium out of the cell, a 0.1 decrease in pH will cause a 0.5 increase in K+.
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is produced by the prostate. Used in conjunction with digital exam this test is helpful in diagnosing and assessing prostate abnormalities.
Red Blood Cells (RBCs) contain hemoglobin which is responsible for oxygen transport throughout the body. RBCs are primarily produced in the bone marrow, they have a life span of 120 days and are destroyed in the spleen and liver. RBC production is regulated by erythropoietin (EPO) which is produced and released from the kidneys.
Sodium (Na+) is the most abundant cation in extracellular fluid. Sodium aids in osmotic pressure, renal retention and excretion of water, acid-base balance, regulation of other cations and anions in the body, plays a role in blood pressure regulation, and stimulation of neuromuscular reactions. Sodium and water have a direct relationship; Water follows salt.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is released from the pituitary in response to low levels of thyroid hormone. TSH communicates to the thyroid gland to release the thyroid hormones: Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4). Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism. T3 and T4 have and inverse relationship with TSH.
Total Bilirubin (T.Billi) is the sum of conjugated and unconjugated serum bilirubin. One of the byproducts of red blood cell breakdown is bilirubin. Bilirubin is made in the bone marrow, liver, or spleen and is transported by albumin to the liver in the form of unconjugated bilirubin. Once in the liver, sugars bind to the unconjugated bilirubin, turning it to conjugated bilirubin. It is then excreted from the gall bladder into the small intestine. Eventually, it is excreted in the feces or urine. Excess bilirubin causes a yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes called jaundice.
Triglycerides (TG) are required to provide energy during the metabolic process, excess triglycerides are stored in adipose tissue.
Troponins are proteins that initiate contraction of muscle fibers. Troponin I (cTNL) is specific to heart muscle. Troponin levels stay elevated for a week after muscle damage before returning to normal.
White blood cells (WBCs) are created in the bone marrow. Their primary function is to defend the body against infection. There are various types of WBCs which have different shapes and functions. Decreased WBC count is called Leukopenia and increased WBC count is called Leukocytosis.
Like everything else in nursing school, learning lab values is like learning a whole new language.
Prior to nursing school I knew what Potassium, Sodium, RBCs, WBCs, blood sugars, and a few other BIG laboratory values were, but I didn’t have a real grasp on what they meant.
When a patient comes into the hospital you will find that the only number they usually want to know from a laboratory panel is the blood glucose . . . their “sugars” . . .
The patient WANTS to be involved in their health care, but they really don’t know what a Lactic Acid level is and why we care.
To work as a competent member of the health care team it is important that you not only learn the important lab values but also what they mean.
This helps you in a few ways:
So let’s talk about a few ways you can study to actually retain laboratory value information:
If you study your labs in this order you will quickly find that not only are you learning them, but you are understanding them and taking part in the care of the patient at a much deeper level.
Many nurses and nursing students stop at the . . . “What values do I NEED to know?” . . . that seems to me like the path of least resistance and doesn’t really get you where you need to be as a nurse.
If you recall, we have spoken a lot about Blooms Taxonomy a lot on NRSNG. The reason for that is that it provides a framework for you to determine how deeply you are critically thinking about a topic and understanding.
Bloom’s Taxonomy is the foundation to critical thinking in nursing and the NCLEX.
We have set this page up as a resource that covers nearly every lab value you will encounter . . .
Use the guide above to select a lab value, listen to the podcast, read the post, take notes, and focus on the ones you need to know . . . then come back and start again.
Come back to this page often throughout your career.
Download the free cheatsheet at the top.
Bookmark the page.
And master lab values one by one!
Feel free to print it off, stick it in your clinical binder, or just keep it on your phone / tablet for quick access whenever you need it! It’s our free gift to you!Grab the 63 Must Know Lab ValuesFree PDF - Instant Delivery