Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations

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What is the Generic Name for Ritalin?

methylphenidate

What is the Trade Name for methylphenidate?

Ritalin

What are the Indications of Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations?

ADHD, narcolepsy

What are the Actions of Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations?

improves attention span in ADHD by producing CNS stimulation

What is the Therapeutic Class of Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations?

central nervous system stimulant

What is the Pharmacologic Class of Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations?

none

What are the Nursing Considerations of Methylphenidate (Ritalin) Nursing Pharmacology Considerations?

  • can cause sudden death, hypertension, palpitations, anorexia, hyperactivity, insomnia
  • may decrease effects of Warfarin and Phenytoin
  • do not use with MAOIs
  • monitor cardiovascular system
  • monitor for behavioral changes
  • monitor for dependence
  • do not consume caffeinated beverages

 

“Drug Holiday” used to assess dependence and status

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