Meperidine: Demerol (Opioid Analgesic)

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What is the Generic Name for Demerol?

meperidine

What is the Trade Name for meperidine?

Demerol

What are the Indications of Meperidine: Demerol (Opioid Analgesic)?

moderate to severe pain, sedation

What are the Actions of Meperidine: Demerol (Opioid Analgesic)?

Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS.

What is the Therapeutic Class of Meperidine: Demerol (Opioid Analgesic)?

Opioid Analgesic

What is the Pharmacologic Class of Meperidine: Demerol (Opioid Analgesic)?

opioid agonists

What are the Nursing Considerations of Meperidine: Demerol (Opioid Analgesic)?

  • may cause alterations in mentation, hypotension, constipation, nausea, vomiting
  • assess BP, pulse, and respiratory rate prior to administration and frequently during administration
  • use caution if patient is receiving MAOIs
  • Narcan (naloxone) is the antidote for opioid agonists
  • can cause seizure
  • may increase pancreatic enzyme levels
  • assess bowel function

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