Lactulose: Kristalose (laxative)

Lactulose: Kristalose (laxative)

Generic Name

lactulose

Trade Name

Kristalose

Indication

Constipation, portal-systemic encephalopathy

Action

draws water into the stool and softens stool, inhibits ammonia passing into the colon

Therapeutic Class

laxative

Pharmacologic Class

osmotic

Nursing Considerations

use caution with DM
may cause cramps, abdominal distention, hyperglycemia
assess mental status, ammonia levels, abdominal . . .