High Density Lipoprotein (HDL)

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What is the Lab Name for High Density Lipoprotein?

High Density Lipoprotein

What is the Lab Abbreviation for High Density Lipoprotein?

HDL

What is High Density Lipoprotein in terms of Nursing Labs?

Cholesterol is transported via lipoproteins.  There are multiple types of lipoproteins and they each have slightly different functions: high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein, LDL, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL).  HDL cholesterol is considered the good cholesterol because it travels through the blood picking up extra cholesterol and taking it back to the liver.

What is the Normal Range for High Density Lipoprotein?

>60 optimal mg/dL

What are the Indications for High Density Lipoprotein?

  • Monitor risks of heart disease

What would cause Increased Levels of High Density Lipoprotein?

  • Familial HDL Lipoproteinemia
  • Exercise
  • Unsaturated fats:
    • Mono-
    • Poly-
  • Hypothyroid

What would cause Decreased Levels of High Density Lipoprotein?

  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Hepatocellular disease:
    • Hepatitis
    • Cirrhosis
  • Hypoproteinemia:
    • Nephrotic Syndrome
    • Malnutrition
  • Smoking
  • High saturated and trans fat diets
  • Excess body weight
  • Hyperthyroid

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