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What is Glucose () in terms of Nursing Labs?

Glucose is a sugar molecule that is a component of carbohydrates. Glucose provides energy in the body and is absorbed from the blood to the cells for nourishment via insulin. The pancreas secretes insulin to helps regulate levels of glucose in the blood. Glucose levels naturally rise after meals with the intake of carbohydrates.

What is the Normal Range for Glucose?

70-115 mg/dL

What are the Indications for Glucose?

  • Diagnose:
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Hyperglycemia
    • Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
  • Monitor treatments for Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

What would cause increased levels of Glucose?

  • Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
  • Stress
  • Pancreatitis
  • Chronic Renal Failure
  • Cushing Syndrome
  • Corticosteroid therapy

What would cause decreased levels of Glucose?

  • Insulinoma
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Addison Disease
  • Insulin overdose
  • Starvation

Check Out the Full List of Nursing Lab Values!

63 Must Know Lab ValuesQuick! Is this aPTT Count Dangerous? Hesitant? Never Feel Anxious About Lab Values Again...
Grab Free Cheat Sheet

Date Published - Jun 2, 2016
Date Modified - Jun 11, 2019

One Comment

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    Glen Pillow

    I am sooo glad someone is explaining this material in such a practical sense of real life scenarios that WILL effect every one of us trying and being nurses. We all know that we have things that need to be memorized ……nurse students are the most dedicated. Give them the tools and they will succeed. Unfortunately I have met instructors that have good intentions but just don’t seem to be able to teach. This is a better way to learn. I thank you.