Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
What is Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) in terms of Nursing Labs?
The Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) test measures sedimentation of Red Blood Cells (RBCs). The inflammatory process affects proteins in the blood which causes RBCs to stick together and settle out of liquid. Normal blood has very little settling, but during the inflammatory process the ESR is elevated.
What are the Indications for Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate?
- Identifies inflammation which assists in diagnosing:
- Autoimmune diseases
What would cause increased levels of Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate?
- Chronic Renal Failure
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
- Polymyalgia Rheumatica
- Multiple myeloma
- Oral contraceptives
- Vitamin A
What would cause decreased levels of Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate?
- Sickle cell anemia
- Polycythemia Vera
- Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Date Published - May 24, 2016
Date Modified - Jun 6, 2019