Codeine (Paveral): allergy, cold, cough remedy, antitussive, opioid analgesic

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codeine

Trade Name

Paveral

Indication

management of pain, diarrhea, cough suppressant

Action

Binds to opiate receptors in the CNS and alters perception of pain while producing a general depression of the CNS.  This depression also causes a decrease in the cough reflex and GI motility.

Therapeutic Class

allergy, cold, cough remedy, antitussive, opioid analgesic

Pharmacologic Class

opioid agonist

Nursing Considerations

  • may cause alterations in mentation, hypotension, constipation, nausea, vomiting
  • assess BP, pulse, and respiratory rate prior to administration and frequently during administration
  • use caution if patient is receiving MAO Inhibitors
  • Narcan (naloxone) is the antidote for opioid agonists

 

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