What is Cholesterol (Chol) in terms of Nursing Labs?
Cholesterol (Chol) is a lipid in the body. It is a part of cell membranes as well as a precursor for vitamin D, steroids, and bile acids. Cholesterol is primarily synthesized in the liver and intestines and is transported via lipoproteins. There are multiple types of lipoproteins, each have slightly different functions. The two most common types of lipoproteins are high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
What are the Indications for Cholesterol?
- Determine risk of cardiovascular disease
- Evaluate response to treatment
What would cause increased levels of Cholesterol?
- Liver disease
- Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
- Cushing Syndrome
- Nephrotic Syndrome
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Werner’s Syndrome
- Ischemic Heart Disease
- Von Gierke Disease
- Acute Intermittent Porphyria
What would cause decreased levels of Cholesterol?
- Tangier disease
- Pernicious anemia
- Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia
- Polycythemia Vera
Date Published - May 3, 2016
Date Modified - May 23, 2019